See also:born at
See also:Embrun . About 165o his
See also:family returned to their native valley of Luserna, where
See also:Arnaud was educated at La Tour (the chief
See also:village), later visiting the
See also:college at
See also:Basel (1662 and 1668) and the Academy at
See also:Geneva (1666) . He then returned home, and seems to have been pastor in several of the Vaudois valleys before attaining that position at La Tour (1685) . He was thus the natural
See also:leader of his co-religionists after Victor Amadeus expelled them (1686) from their valleys, and most probably visited
See also:Holland, the ruler of which,
See also:William of Orange, certainly gave him help and
See also:money . Arnaud occupied himself with organizing his 3000 countrymen who had taken
See also:refuge in
See also:Switzerland, and who twice (1687–1688) attempted to regain their homes . The
See also:English revolution of 1688, and the election of William to the
See also:throne; encouraged the Vaudois to make yet another attempt . Furnished with detailed instructions from the
See also:veteran Josue Janavel (prevented by age from taking
See also:part in the expedition) Arnaud, with about r000 followers, started (
See also:August 17, 1689) from near Nyon on the Lake of Geneva for the glorieuse rentree . On the 27th of August, the valiant
See also:band, after many hardships and dangers, reached the Valley of St
See also:Martin, having passed by Sallanches and crossed the Col de Very (65o6 ft.), the Enclave de la Fenetre (7425 ft.), the Col du Bonhomme (8147 ft.), the Col du Mont Iseran (9085 ft.), the
See also:Grand Mont Cenis (6893 ft.), the
See also:Petit Mont Cenis (7166 ft.), the Col de Clapier (8173 ft.), the Col de Coteplane (7589 ft.), and the Col du Piz (8550 ft.) . They soon took refuge in the lofty and secure rocky citadel of the Balsille, where they were besieged (
See also:October 24, 1689 to May 14, 1690) by the troops (about 4000 in number) of the
See also:king of France and the duke of Savoy . They maintained this natural fortress against many fierce attacks and during the whole of a winter . In particular, on the 2nd of May, one assault was defeated without the loss of a single man of Arnaud's small band . But another attack (May 14) was not so successful, so that Arnaud with-drew his force, under cover of a thick mist, and led them over the hills to the valley of Angrogna, above La Tour .
See also:month later the Vaudois were received into favour by the duke of Savoy, who had then abandoned his
See also:alliance' with France for one with
See also:Great Britain and Holland . Hence for the next six years the Vaudois helped Savoy against "France, though suffering much from the repeated attacks of the French troops . But by a clause in the treaty of peace of 1696, made public in 1698, Victor Amadeus again became hostile ,to the Vaudois, about 3000 of whom, with Arnaud, found a shelter in
See also:Protestant countries, mainly in
See also:Wurttemberg, where Arnaud became the pastor of Durrmenz-Schonenberg, N.W. of
See also:Stuttgart (1699) . Once again (1704-1706) the Vaudois aided the duke against France . Arnaud, however, took no part in the military '
See also:opera tions, though he visited England (1707) to obtain pecuniary aid from
See also:Queen Anne . He died at Schonenberg (which was'' the
See also:hamlet of the
See also:parish of Durrmenz) in 1721 . It was during his retirement that he compiled from various documents by other hands his Histoire de to glorieuse rentrfe
See also:des Vaudois dons leurs vallees, which was published (probably at Cassel) in 1710, with a dedication to Queen Anne . It was translated into English (1827) by H . Dyke Acland, and has also appeared in German and Dutch versions . A part of the
See also:original MS. is preserved in the Royal Library in Berlin . See K . H .
See also:Henri Arnaud, ein Lebensbild (Stuttgart, 188o) ; A. de Rochas d'Aiglun,
See also:Les Vallees vaudoises (
See also:Paris, 1881) ; various chapters in the Bulletin du bicentenaire de la glorieuse rentree (
See also:Turin, 1889) . . (W . A . B .
ARNALDUS DE VILLA NOVA
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