ARUNDEL , amarket
See also:town and municipal
See also:borough in the
See also:parliamentary division of
See also:Sussex, England, 58 m . S.S.W. from
See also:London by the London,
See also:Brighton & South
See also:Coast railway . Pop . (1901) 2739 . It is pleasantly situated on the slope of a
See also:hill above the
See also:river Arun, which is navigable for small vessels to
See also:Littlehampton at the mouth, 6 m. south . From the
See also:summit of the hill rises Arundel
See also:Castle, which guarded the passage along the river through the hills . For its connexion with the title of
See also:earl of Arundel see ARUNDEL, EARLDOM OF . A castle existed in the
See also:time of
See also:Alfred, and at the time of the
See also:Conquest it was rebuilt by Roger de Montgomerie, but it was taken from his son, who rebelled against the reigning monarch,
See also:Henry I . In 1397 it was the scene of a
See also:conspiracy organized by the earl of Arundel, archbishop of Canterbury and duke of
See also:Gloucester, to dethrone
See also:Richard II. and
See also:murder the lords of his council, a plot which was discovered before it could be carried into execution . During the
See also:wars of the 17th century, the stronghold was frequently assaulted by the contending parties, and consequently greatly damaged; but it was restored by
See also:Charles, 11th duke of Norfolk (d . 1815), who made it what it now is, one of the most splendid baronial mansions in England . Extensive reconstruction, in the
See also:style of the 13th century, was undertaken towards the close of the 19th century .
The town, according to the whimsicaletymology shown on the corporation seal, takes its name from hirondelle (a swallow) . The town
See also:hall is a castellated
See also:building, presented to the corporation by the duke of Norfolk . The
See also:church of St
See also:Nicholas, founded about 1375, is Perpendicular with a low tower rising from the centre . In the
See also:aisle of the
See also:chancel there are several
See also:ancient monuments of the earls of Arundel . The church is otherwise remarkable for its reredos and iron
See also:work . The chancel is the
See also:property of the duke of Norfolk and is screened from the
See also:rest of the building, although in 188o this exercise of right by the owner was made the subject of an
See also:action at
See also:law and subsequent
See also:appeal . The
See also:Roman Catholic church of St
See also:Philip Neri was built by the duke of Norfolk- (1873) . Some remains of a Maison Dieu, or hospital, erected in the time of Richard II., still exist . The borough is under a mayor, 4 aldermen and 12 councillors .
See also:Area, 2053 acres . The first mention of Arundel (Harundell) comes as early as 877, when it was
See also:left by King Alfred in his will to his
See also:nephew AEthelm . In the time of
See also:Edward the
See also:Confessor the town seems to have consisted of the
See also:mill and a fortification or earthwork which was probably thrown up by Alfred as a defence against the Danes; but it had increased in importance before the Conquest, and appears in Domes-
See also:day as a thriving borough and
See also:port .
It was granted by the Conqueror to Roger de
See also:Montgomery, who built the castle on the site of the ancient earthwork . From very early times markets were held within the borough on
See also:Thursday and Saturday, and in 1285 Richard Fitzalan, earl of Arundel, obtained a
See also:grant of two
See also:annual fairs on the 14th of May and the 17th of
See also:December . The borough returned two members to parliament from 1302 to 1832 when the Reform
See also:Act reduced the membership to one; in 1868 it was disfranchised altogether . There are no early charters extant, but in 1586
See also:Elizabeth acknowledged the right of the mayor and burgesses to be a
See also:body corporate and to hold a
See also:court for pleas under
See also:forty shillings, two weekly markets and four annual fairs—which rights they claimed to have exercised from time immemorial .
See also:James II. confirmed in 1688 a
See also:charter given two years before, and incorporated the borough under the title of a mayor, 4 aldermen and 12 burgesses . The town was
See also:half destroyed by
See also:fire in 1338, but was soon rebuilt . Arundel was formerly a thriving seaport, and in 1813 was connected by canal with London . See M . A .
See also:Tierney, The
See also:History and Antiquities of the Castle and Town of Arundel (London, 1834) ;
See also:County History—Sussex .
ARU ISLANDS (Dutch Aroe)
EARLDOM OF ARUNDEL
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