Online Encyclopedia

ASHLAR

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V02, Page 733 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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ASHLAR, also written ASHLER, ASHELERE, &c. (probably from Lat. axilla, diminutive of axis, an a5de), hewn or squared stone, generally applied to that used' for facing walls. In a contract of date 1398 we read—" Murus Brit exterius de puro lapide vocato achilar, plane incisso, interius vero de lapide fracto vocato roghwail. Clene hewen ashler " often occurs in medieval documentg; this no doubt means tooled or finely worked, in contradistinction to rough-axed faces. An " ashlar piece " in building is an upright piece of timber framed between the common rafters and the wall plate.
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WILLIAM JAMES ASHLEY (186o- )

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