See also:island in the
See also:Atlantic Ocean, first mentioned by
See also:Plato in the
See also:Timaeus . Plato describes how certain
See also:Egyptian priests, in a conversation *ith
See also:Solon, represented the island as a
See also:country larger than
See also:Asia Minor and
See also:united, and situated just beyond the Pillars of Hercules (Straits of
See also:Gibraltar) . Beyond it
See also:lay an
See also:archipelago of lesser islands . According to the priests,
See also:Atlantis had been a powerful
See also:kingdom nine thousand years before the
See also:birth of Solon, and its armies had overrun the lands which 8.58 bordered the Mediterranean . Athens alone had withstood them with success . Finally the
See also:sea had overwhelmed Atlantis, and had thenceforward become unnavigable owing to the shoals which marked the spot . In the
See also:Critias Plato adds a
See also:history of the ideal
See also:commonwealth of Atlantis . It is impossible to decide how far this
See also:legend is due to Plato's invention, and how far it is based on facts of which no record remains .
See also:Medieval writers, for whom the
See also:tale was preserved by the Arabian geographers, believed it true, and were fortified in their belief by numerous traditions of islands in the western sea, which offered various points of resemblance to Atlantis . Such in particular were the Greek Isles of the Blest, or Fortunate Islands, the Welsh Avalon, the Portuguese
See also:Antilia or Isle of Seven Cities, and St
See also:Brendan's island, the subject of many sagas in many
See also:languages . These, which are described in
See also:separate articles, helped to maintain the tradition of an earthly
See also:paradise which had become associated with the myth of Atlantis; and all except Avalon were marked in maps of the 14th and 15th centuries, and formed the
See also:object of voyages of
See also:discovery, in one case (St Brendan's island) until the 18th century . In early legends, of whatever
See also:nationality, they are almost invariably described in terms which closely resemble
See also:Homer's account of the island of the Phaeacians (Od. viii.)—a fact which may be an indication of their
See also:common origin in some folk-tale current among several races .
Somewhat similar legends are those of the island ofBrazil (q.v.), of
See also:Lyonnesse (q.v.), the sunken
See also:land off the Cornish
See also:coast, of the lost Breton city of Is, and of Mayda or Asmaide—the French Isle Verte and Portuguese Ilha Verde or "
See also:Green Island "—which appears in many folk-tales from Gibraltar to the
See also:Hebrides, and until 1853 was marked on
See also:English charts as a
See also:rock in 440 48' N. and 26° 1o' W . After the
See also:Renaissance, with its renewal of
See also:interest in Platonic studies, numerous attempts were made to rationalize the myth of Atlantis . The island was variously identified with
See also:America, Scandinavia, the Canaries and even
See also:Palestine; ethnologists saw in its inhabitants the ancestors of the Guanchos, the
See also:Basques or the
See also:ancient Italians; and even in the 17th and 18th centuries the credibility of the whole legend was seriously debated, and sometimes admitted, even by
See also:Montaigne, Buffon and Voltaire . For the theory that Atlantis is to be identified with Crete in the Minoan
See also:period, see " The Lost Continent " in The Times (
See also:London) for the 19th of
See also:February 1909 . See also " Dissertation sur l'Atlantide " in T . H .
See also:Martin's Etudes sur le Timee (1841) .
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