AUBE , adepartment of
See also:north-eastern France, bounded N. by the department of
See also:Marne, N.W. by
See also:Seine-et-Marne, W. by
See also:Yonne, S. by Yonne and Cote-d'Or, and E. by Haute-Marne; it was formed in 1790 from Basse-
See also:Champagne, and a small portion of
See also:Burgundy .
See also:Area, 2326 sq. m . Pop . (1906) 243,670 . The department belongs to the Seine
See also:basin, and is watered chiefly by the Seine and the Aube . These
See also:rivers follow the general slope of the department, which is from south-east, where the Bois du Mont (1200 ft.), the highest point, is situated, to north-west . The
See also:southern and eastern districts are fertile and well wooded . The
See also:remainder of the department, with the exception of a more broken and picturesque
See also:district in the extreme north-west, forms
See also:part of the sterile and monotonous plain known as Champagne Pouilleuse . The
See also:climate is mild but
See also:damp . The
See also:annual rainfall over the greater part varies from 24 to 28 in.; but in the extreme south-east it at times reaches a height of 36 in . Aube is an agricultural department; more than one-third of its
See also:surface consists of arable
See also:land of which the chief products are wheat and oats, and next to them
See also:barley and potatoes; vegetables are extensively cultivated in the valleys of the Seine and the Aube . The
See also:vine flourishes chiefly on the hills of the south-east; the wines of
See also:Les Riceys,
See also:Bouilly and Laines-aux-Bois are most esteemed .
See also:river valleys abound in natural pasture, and
See also:sainfoin, lucerne and other
See also:forage crops are largely grown;
See also:cattle-raising is an important source of
See also:wealth, and the cheeses of
See also:Troyes are well known . There are excellent nurseries and orchards in the neighbourhood of Troyes, Bar-sur-Seine, Wry-our-Seine and Brienne .
See also:Chalk, from which blanc de Troyes is manufactured, and
See also:clay are abundant; and there are
See also:peat workings and quarries of
See also:stone and
See also:limestone . The
See also:spinning and
See also:weaving of
See also:cotton and the manufacture of
See also:hosiery, of both of which Troyes is the centre, are the
See also:industries of the department; there are also a large number of distilleries, tanneries, oil
See also:works, tile and
See also:brick works,
See also:flour-mills, saw-mills and dye-works . The Eastern railway has works at Romilly, and there are iron works at
See also:Clairvaux and
See also:drawing works at Plaines; but owing to the
See also:absence of
See also:coal and iron mines,
See also:metal working is of small importance . The exports of Aube consist of
See also:timber, cereals, agricultural products, hosiery,
See also:wine, dressed pork, &c.; its imports include wool and raw cotton, coal and machinery, especially looms . The department is served by the Eastern railway, of which the main
See also:line to Belfort crosses it . The river Aube is navigable for 28 m . (from Arcis-sur-Aube to its confluence with the Seine); the Canal de la Haute-Seine extends beside the Seine from Bar-sur-Seine to Marcilly (just outside the department) a distance of 46 m.; below Marcilly the Seine is canalized . Aube is divided into 5 arrondissements with 26 cantons and 446 communes . It falls within the educational circumscription (academie) of
See also:Dijon and the military circumscription of the XX. army
See also:corps; its
See also:court of
See also:appeal is in
See also:Paris . It constitutes the
See also:diocese of Troyes and part of the archiepiscopal province of
See also:Sens .
Thecapital of the department is Troyes; of the arrondissements the capitals are Troyes, Bar-sur-Aube, Arcis-sur-Aube, Bar-sur-Seine and Nogent-sur-Seine . The architecture of the department is chiefly displayed in its churches, many of which possess stained
See also:glass of the 16th century . Besides the
See also:cathedral and other churches of Troyes, those of Mussy-sur-Seine (13th century), Chaource (16th century) and Nogent-sur-Seine (15th and 16th centuries), are of note . The abbey buildings of Clairvaux are the type of the Cistercian abbey .
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