See also:Protestant divine and historian, was
See also:born on the 16th of
See also:August 1794, at Eaux
See also:Vives, near
See also:Geneva . The ancestors of his
See also:father, Aline Robert Merle d'Aubigne (1755-1799), were French Protestant refugees .
See also:Henri was destined by his parents to a commercial
See also:life; but at
See also:college he decided to be ordained . He was profoundly influenced by Robert
See also:Haldane, the Scottish missionary and preacher who visited Geneva . When in 1817 he went abroad to further his
See also:education, Germany was about to celebrate the tercentenary of the Reformation; and thus early he conceived the ambition to write the
See also:history of that
See also:great epoch . At Berlin he received stimulus from teachers so unlike as J . A . W . Neander and W . M . L. de Wette . After presiding for five years over the French Protestant
See also:church at
See also:Hamburg, he was, in 1823, called to become pastor of a
See also:congregation in Brussels and preacher to the
See also:court .
He became also
See also:president of the
See also:consistory of the French and German Protestant churches . At the Belgian revolution of 1830 he thought it advisable to undertake pastoral
See also:work at home rather than to accept an educational
See also:post in the
See also:family of the Dutch
See also:king . The Evangelical Society had been founded with the idea of promoting evangelical
See also:Christianity in Geneva and elsewhere, but it was found that there was also needed a theological school for the training of pastors . On his return to
See also:Switzerland, d'Aubigne was invited to become
See also:professor of church history in an institution of the kind, and continued to labour in the cause of evangelical Protestantism . In him the Evangelical
See also:Alliance found a hearty
See also:promoter . He frequently visited England, was made a D.C.L. by
See also:Oxford University, and received civic honours from the city of
See also:Edinburgh . He died suddenly in 1872 . His
See also:works are—Discours sur l'etude de l'histoire de Chrislianisme (Geneva, 1832); Le Lutheranisme et la Reforme (
See also:Paris, 1844); Germany, England and Scotland, or Recollections of a Swiss Pastor (
See also:London, 1848); Trois siecles de lutte en Ecosse, ou deux rois et deux royaumes; Le Protecteur ou la republique d'Angleterre aux jours de
See also:Cromwell (Paris, 1848); Le Concile et l'infaillibilite (1870) ; Histoire de la Reformation au X Vltie"'e siecle (Paris, 1835-1853; new ed:, 1861-1862, in 5 vols.); and Histoire de la Reformation en
See also:Europe au temps de
See also:Calvin (8 vols., 1862-1877) . The first portion of his Histoire de la Reformation, which was devoted to the earlier
See also:period of the
See also:movement in Germany, gave him at once a foremost place amongst
See also:modern French ecclesiastical historians, and was translated into most
See also:European tongues . The second portion, dealing with reform in the timeof Calvin, was not less thorough, and had a subject hitherto less exhaustively treated, but it did not meet with the same success . This
See also:part of the subject, with which he was most competent to
See also:deal, was all but completed at the
See also:time of his
See also:death . Among his minor
See also:treatises, the most important are the vindication of the character and aims of Oliver Cromwell, and the
See also:sketch of the contendings of the Church of Scotland .
Indefatigable in sifting
See also:original documents, Aubigne had amassed a
See also:wealth of authentic information; but his
See also:desire to give in all cases a full and graphic picture, assisted by a vivid
See also:imagination, betrayed him into excess of detail concerning minor events, and in a few cases into filling up a narrative by inference from later conditions . Moreover, in his profound sympathy , with the Reformers, he too frequently becomes their apologist . But his work is a
See also:monument of painstaking sincerity, and brings us into
See also:direct contact with the spirit of the period .
THEODORE AGRIPPA AUBIGNE
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