See also:term applied to that
See also:form of
See also:government which is absolute or irresponsible, and vested in one single
See also:person . It is a type of government usually found amongst eastern peoples; amongst more civilized nations the only example is that of Russia, where the
See also:sovereign assumes as a title " the autocrat of all the Russias." AUTO-DA-F$, more correctly AUTO-DE-FE (
See also:act of faith), the name of the ceremony during the course of which the sentences of the
See also:Spanish inquisition were read and executed . The autoda-fe was almost identical with the set-ma generalis of the
See also:medieval inquisition . It never took place on a feast
See also:day of the
See also:church, but on some famous anniversary: the accession of a Spanish monarch, his
See also:marriage, the
See also:birth of an
See also:infant, &c . It was public: the
See also:king, the royal
See also:family, the
See also:councils of the
See also:kingdom, the
See also:court and the
See also:people being
See also:present . The ceremony comprised a procession in which the members of the
See also:Office, with its familiars and agents, the condemned persons and the penitents took
See also:part; a
See also:solemn mass; an
See also:oath of obedience to the inquisition, taken by the king and all the
See also:lay functionaries; a
See also:sermon by the Grand Inquisitor; and the
See also:reading of the sentences, either of condemnation or acquittal, delivered by the Holy Office . The handing over of impenitent persons, and those who had relapsed, to the secular power, and their punishment, did not usually take place on the occasion of an auto-da-fe, properly so called . Sometimes those who were condemned to the flames were burned on the
See also:night following the ceremony . The first
See also:great .auto-da-fes were celebrated when
See also:Thomas de Torquemada was at the
See also:head of the Spanish inquisition (Seville 1482, Toledo 140, &c.) . The last, subsequent to the
See also:time of
See also:Charles III., we held in secret; moreover, they dealt with only a very small number of sentences, of which hardly any were capital . The isolated cases of the torturing of a revolutionary
See also:priest in Mexico in 1816, and of a relapsed
See also:Jew and of a Quaker in Spain during 1826, cannot really be considered as auto-da-fes . (P .
AUTOGAMY (from Gr. aeros, self, and yaµia, marriag...
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