See also:external restraint, self-
See also:government . The
See also:term is usually coupled with a qualifying adjective . Thus,
See also:political autonomy is self-government in its widest sense, independence of all
See also:control from without .
See also:Local autonomy is a freedom of self-government within a sphere marked out by some
See also:superior authority; e.g. municipal corporations in England have their administrative
See also:powers marked out for them by acts of parliament, and in so far as they govern themselves within these limits exercise local autonomy . Administrative or constitutional autonomy, such as exists in the
See also:British colonies, implies an extent of self-government which falls
See also:short only of
See also:complete independence . The term is used loosely even in the case of e.g. religious bodies, individual churches and other communities which' enjoy a measure of self-government in certain specified respects . In philosophy, the term (with its antithesis "
See also:heteronomy ") was applied by
See also:Kant to that aspect of the rational will in which, qua rational, it is a
See also:law to itself, independently alike of any e4cternal 'authority, of the results of experience and of the impulses of pleasure and
See also:pain . In the sphere of morals, the ultimate and only authority which the mind can recognize is the law which emerges from the pure moral consciousness . This is the only sense in which moral freedom can be understood . (See ETH3cs; KANT.) Though the term "autonomy" in its fullest sense implies entire freedom from causal
See also:necessity, it can also be used even in determinist theories for relative independence of particular conditions, theological or conventional .
AUTOMORPHISM (from Gr. abr6s, self, and popcb , for...
AUTOPSY (Gr. aisros, self, and i4'tc, sight, invest...
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