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Avenpace or Aben Pace] the name being...

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Originally appearing in Volume V03, Page 53 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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Avenpace or Aben Pace] the name being corrupted by the Latins into Avempace i.e. son of the goldsmith known as Ibn Bajja or Ibn Sa'igh AVEMPACE [Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Yahya, the earliest and one of the most distinguished of the Arab philosophers of Spain. Little is known of the details of his life. He was born probably at Saragossa towards the close of the nth th century. According to Ibn Khaqan, a contemporary writer, he became a student of the exact sciences and was also a musician and a poet. But he was a philosopher as well, and apparently a sceptic. He is said to have rejected the Koran, to have denied the return to God, and to have regarded death as the end of existence. But even in that orthodox age he became vizier to the amir of Murcia. Afterwards he went to Valencia, then to Saragossa. After the fall of Saragossa (1119) he went to Seville, then to Xativa, where he is said to have returned to Islam to save his life. Finally he retired to the Almoravid court at Fez, where he was poisoned in 1138. Ibn `Usaibi a gives a list of twenty-five of his works, but few of these remain. He had a distinct influence upon Averroes (see ARABIAN PHILOSOPHY). For his life see M'G. de Slane's trans. of Ibn Khallikan's Biographical Dictionary (Paris and London, 1842), vol. iii. pp. 13o if., and Ibn `Usaibi`a's biography translated in P. de Gayangos' edition of the History of the Mohammedan Dynasties in Spain, by al-Maqqari (London, 184o), vol. ii., appendix, p. xii. List of extant works in C. Brockelmann's Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur, vol. i. p. 46o. For his philosophy cf. T. J. de Boer's The History of Philosophy in Islam (London, 1903), ch. vi. (G. W. T.)
End of Article: Avenpace or Aben Pace] the name being corrupted by the Latins into Avempace i.e. son of the goldsmith known as Ibn Bajja or Ibn Sa'igh AVEMPACE [Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Yahya
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