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B1BLIOGRAPHY

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Originally appearing in Volume V16, Page 524 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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B1BLIOGRAPHY.-Jefferson's Message from the President of the United States, Communicating Discoveries made in Exploring the Missouri, Red River and Washita by Captains Lewis and Clark, Dr Sibley and Mr Dunbar (Washington, ,8o6, and subsequent editions) is the earliest account, containing the reports sent back by the explorers in the winter of 18o4-18o5. Patrick Gass's Journal of the Voyages and Travels of a Corps of Discovery under the Command of Capt. Lewis and Capt. Clark (Pittsburg, 1807) is the account of a sergeant in the party. Biddle and Allen's History of the Expedition under the Command of Captains Lewis and Clark (2 vols., Philadelphia, 1814) is a condensation of the original journals. There are numerous reprints of this work, the best being that of Elliott Cones (4 vols., New York, 1893), which contains additions from the original manuscripts and a new chapter, in the style of Biddle, inserted as though a part of the original text. As a final authority consult R. G. Thwaites (ed.), The Original Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition (8 vols., New York, 1904-1905), containing all the known literary records of the expedition. For popular accounts see W. R. Lighton, Lewis and Clark (Boston, 1901); O. D. Wheeler, The Trail of Lewis and Clark (2 vols., New York, 1904) ; and Noah Brooks (ed.), First across the Continent: Expedition of Lewis and Clark (New York, 1901).
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