See also:monkey, scientifically known as Papio anubis; in a wider sense applied to all the members of the genus Papio (formerly known as Cynocephalus) now confined to Africa and
See also:Arabia, although in past times extending into India . Baboons are for the most
See also:part large terrestrial monkeys with
See also:short or medium-sized tails, and long naked
See also:dog-like muzzles, in the truncated extremity of which are pierced the nostrils . As a
See also:rule, they frequent barren rocky districts in large droves, and are exceedingly fierce and dangerous to approach . They have large cheek-pouches, large naked callosities, often brightly coloured, on the buttocks, and short thick limbs, adapted rather to walking than to climbing . Their
See also:diet includes practically everything eatable they can capture or kill . The typical representative of the genus is the yellow
See also:baboon (P. cynocephalus, or babuin), distinguished by its small
See also:size and grooved muzzle, and ranging from
See also:Abyssinia to the
See also:Zambezi . The above-mentioned anubis baboon, P. anubis (with the subspecies neumanni, pruinosus, heuglini and doguera), ranging from
See also:Egypt all through tropical Africa, together with P. sphinx, P. olivaceus, the Abyssinian P. lydekkeri, and the
See also:chacma, P. porcarius of the Cape, represent the subgenus Choeropithecus . The named Arabian baboon, P. hamadryas of
See also:North Africa and Arabia, dedicated by the
See also:ancient Egyptians to the
See also:Thoth, and the South Arabian P. arabicus, typify Hamadryas; while the
See also:drill and
See also:mandrill of the west
See also:coast, P. leucophaeus and P.
See also:maimon, constitute the subgenus Maimon . The anubis baboons, as shown by the frescoes, were tamed by the ancient Egyptians and trained to
See also:pluck sycamore-
See also:figs from the trees . (See PRIMATES; CHACMA; DRILL;
See also:GELADA and MANDRILL) . (R .
BABIRUSA (" pig-deer ")
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