See also:lord keeper of the
See also:great seal of England during the reign of
See also:Elizabeth, was the second son of Robert
See also:Bacon of Drinkstone,
See also:Suffolk, and was
See also:born at
See also:Chislehurst . He was educated at Corpus Christi
See also:College, Cambridge, graduating B.A. in 1527, and afterwards spent some
See also:time in
See also:Paris . Having returned to England and entered
See also:Inn, he was called to the
See also:bar in 1533, and four years later began his public
See also:life as
See also:solicitor of the
See also:court of augmentations . Quickly becoming a
See also:person of importance he obtained a number of estates, principally in the eastern counties, after the dissolution of the monasteries, and in 1545 became member of parliament for Dartmouth . In 1546 he was made
See also:attorney of the court of wards and liveries, an
See also:office of both
See also:honour and profit; in 1550 became a bencher and in 1552 treasurer of Gray's Inn . Although his sympathies were with the Protestants, he retained his office in the court of wards during Mary's reign, but an
See also:order was issued to prevent him from leaving England . The important
See also:period in Bacon's life began with the accession of Elizabeth in 1558• Owing largely to his long and close friendship with
See also:Cecil, afterwards Lord Burghley, his
See also:law, he was appointed lord keeper of the great seal in
See also:December of this
See also:year, and was soon afterwards made a privy councillor and a knight . He was instrumental in securing the archbishopric of Canterbury for his friend
See also:Parker, and in his official capacity pre-sided over the
See also:House of Lords when Elizabeth opened her first parliament . In opposition to Cecil, he objected to the policy of making war on France in the interests of the enemies of Mary queen of Scots, on the ground of the poverty of England; but afterwards favoured a closer union with
See also:foreign Protestants, and seemed quite alive to the danger to his
See also:country from the allied and aggressive religious policy of France and Scotland . In 1559 he was authorized to exercise the full jurisdiction of lord chancellor . In 1564 he fell temporarily into the royal disfavour and was dismissed from court, because Elizabeth suspected he was concerned in the publication of a pamphlet, " A Declaration of the Succession of the
See also:Crowne Imperiall of Ingland," written by
See also:John Hales (q.v.), and favouring the claim of
See also:Lady Catherine
See also:Grey to the
See also:throne . Bacon's innocence having been admitted he was restored to favour, and replied to a writing by Sir Anthony
See also:Browne, who had again asserted the rights of the house of Suffolk to which Lady Catherine belonged .
He thoroughly distrusted Mary queen of Scots; objected to the proposal to marry her-tb theduke of Norfolk; and warned Elizabeth that serious
See also:con-sequences for England would follow her restoration . He seems to have disliked the proposed
See also:marriage between the English queen and
See also:Francis, duke of
See also:Anjou, and his distrust of the
See also:Roman Catholics and the French was increased by the
See also:massacre of St Bartholomew . As a loyal English churchman he was ceaselessly interested in ecclesiastical matters, and made suggestions for the better observation of
See also:doctrine and discipline in the
See also:church . He died in
See also:London on the 20th of
See also:February 1579 and was buried in St Paul's
See also:cathedral, his
See also:death calling forth many tributes to his memory . He was an eloquent
See also:speaker, a learned lawyer, a generous friend; and his
See also:interest in
See also:education led him to make several gifts and bequests for educational purposes, including the foundation of a
See also:free grammar school at
See also:Redgrave . His figure was very corpulent and ungainly . Elizabeth visited him several times at Gorhambury, and had previously visited him atRedgrave . He was twice married and by his first wife, Jane, had three sons and three daughters . His second wife was Anne (d . 1610), daughter of Sir Anthony Cooke, by whom he had two sons . Bacon's eldest son, _Nicholas (c . 1540—1624), was member of parliament for the
See also:county of Suffolk and in 16,1 was created premier
See also:baronet of England .
This baronetcy is still held by his descendants . His second and third sons, Nathaniel (c . 1550—1622 and
See also:Edward (c . 1550—1618), also took some
See also:part in public life, and through his daughter, Anne, Nathaniel was an ancestor of the marquesses
See also:Townshend . His sons by his second wife were Anthony (1558—1601), a diplomatist of some repute, and the illustrious Francis Bacon (q.v.) . See G .
See also:Whetstone, "Remembraunce of the life of Sir N . Bacon," in the Frondes Caducae (London, 1816) ; J . A .
See also:History of England, passim (London, 1881 f.) .
ROGER BACON (c. 1214-c. 1294)
JOHN BACCONIUS] BACO BACONTHORPE [BACON (d. 1346)
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.