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JOSEPH BAJZA (1804-1858)

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Originally appearing in Volume V03, Page 226 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JOSEPH BAJZA (1804-1858), Hungarian poet and critic, was born at Sziicsi in 1804. His earliest contributions were made to Kisfaludy's Aurora, a literary paper of which he was editor from 183o to 1837. He also wrote largely in the Kritische Blatter, the Athenaeum, and the Figyelmezo or Observer. His criticisms on dramatic art were considered the best of these miscellaneous writings. In 183o he published translations of some foreign dramas, Auslandische Buhna, and in 1835 a collection of his own poems. In 1837 he was made director of the newly established national theatre at Pest. He then, for some years, devoted himself to historical writing, and published in succession the Historical Library (Tortereti Konyvt(r), 6 vols., 1843-1845; the Modern Plutarch (Uj Plutarch), 1845-1847 ; and the Universal History (Vildgtoretet), 1847. These works are to some extent translations from German authors. In 1847 Bajza edited the journal of the opposition, Ellenor, at Leipzig, and in March 1848 Kossuth made him editor of his paper, Kossuth Hirlapja. In 185o he was attacked with brain disease and died in 1858.
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