BAKU , thechief
See also:town of the
See also:government of the same name, in
See also:Transcaucasia, on the south side of the peninsula of Apsheron, in 40 21' N. and 49° 50' E . It is connected by
See also:rail with the south Russian railway
See also:system at Beslan, the junction for
See also:Vladikavkaz (400 M.), via
See also:Derbent and
See also:Petrovsk, with
See also:Batum (56o m.) and
See also:Poti (536 m.) on the Black
See also:Sea via
See also:Tiflis . A long
See also:stone quay next the
See also:harbour is backed by the new town climbing up the slopes behind . ' To the west is the old town, consisting of steep, narrow, winding streets, and presenting a decidedly
See also:oriental appearance . Here are the ruins of a palace of the native khans, built in the 16th century; the mosques of the Persian shahs, built in 1078 and now converted into an
See also:arsenal; nearer the sea the " maidens' tower," transformed into a lighthouse; and not far from it remains of
See also:ancient walls projecting above the sea, and showing traces of Arabic architecture of the 9th and loth centuries . Beside the harbour are
See also:works, dry docks and' barracks, stores and workshops belonging to the Russian
See also:fleet . Besides the petroleum refineries the town possesses oil-works (for fuel),
See also:flour-mills, sulphuric acid works and
See also:tobacco factories . Owing to its excellent harbour Baku is a chief
See also:depot for merchandise coming from
See also:Persia and Transcaspia—raw
See also:fish, dried fruit and timber—and for Russian manufactured goods . The
See also:climate is extreme, the mean temperature for the
See also:year being 58° F., for
See also:January 38° for
See also:July 8o°;
See also:annual rainfall 9.4 in . A
See also:wind of exceptional violence blows sometimes from the N.N.W. in winter . Pop . (186o) 13,381; (1897) 112,253; (19o0) 179,133 .
The town is mentioned by the Arab geographer, Masudi, in the loth century . From r 5og it was in thepossession of the Persians . The Russians captured it from them in 1723, but restored it in 1735; it was incorporated in the Russian
See also:empire in 18o6 . In 1904-1905; in consequence of the general
See also:political anarchy, serious conflicts took place here between the Tatars and the Armenians, and two-thirds of the Balakhani and
See also:Bibi-Eybat oil-works were burned . See Marvin, The Region of the Eternal
See also:Fire (ed . 1891) and J . D .
See also:Henry, Baku, an Eventful
See also:History (1906) . (P . A .
MIKHAIL BAKUNIN (1814-1876)
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.