See also:body, particularly one with a smooth
See also:surface, whether used for
See also:games, as a missile, or applied to such rounded bodies as the protuberance at the
See also:root of the thumb or the big toe, to an enarthrosis, or "
See also:ball socket " joint, such as that of the
See also:hip or
See also:shoulder, and the like . A ball, as the essential feature in nearly every
See also:form of
See also:game requiring
See also:physical exertion, must date from the very earliest times . A
See also:object appeals not only to a human baby but to a kitten and a puppy . Some form of game with a ball is found portrayed on
See also:Egyptian monuments, and is played among the least advanced of savage tribes at the
See also:day . In
See also:Nausicaa was playing at ball with her maidens when Odysseus first saw her in the
See also:land of the Phaeacians (Od. vi. too) . And Halios and Laodamas performed before Alcinous and Odysseus with ball
See also:play, accompanied with dancing (Od. viii . 370) . The
See also:Hebrews, the least athletic of races, have no mention of the ball in their scriptures . Among the Greeks games with balls (or4aipa1) were regarded as a useful subsidiary to the more violent athletic exercises, as a means of keeping the body supple, and rendering it graceful, but were generally
See also:left to boys and girls . Similarly at Rome they were looked upon as an adjunct to the bath, and were graduated to the age and
See also:health of the bathers, and usually a place (
See also:sphaeristerium) was set apart for them in the
See also:baths (thermae) . Of
See also:regular rules for the playing of ball games, little trace remains, if there were any such . The names in Greek for various forms, which have come down to us in such
See also:works as the 'O1so,uavroc6v of Pollux of
See also:Naucratis, imply little or nothing of such; thus, ?ur6ppales only means the putting of the ball on the ground with the open
See also:hand, obpavta the flinging of the ball in the air to be caught by two or more players; cbatviv&a would seem to be a game of catch played by two or more, where feinting is.used as a test of quickness and skill .
Pollux (i. x . 104) mentions a game called E1rlaKupos, which has often been looked on as the origin of
See also:football . It seems to have been played by two sides, arranged in lines; how far there was any form of "
See also:goal " seems uncertain . Among the Romans there appear to have been three types or sizes of ball, the pila, or small ball, used in catching games, the paganica, a heavy ball stuffed with feathers, and the follis, a
See also:leather ball filled with air, the largest of the three . This was struck from player to player, who wore a kind of gauntlet on the
See also:arm . There was a game known as trigon, played by three players
See also:standing in the form of a triangle, and played with the follis, and also one known as harpastum, which seems to imply a " scrimmage " among several players for the ball) . These games are known to us through the Romans, though the names are Greek . The various
See also:modern games played with a ball or balls and subject to rules are treated under their various names, such as polo, cricket, football, &c . From Fr. bal, bailer, to dance (
See also:Lat. ballare, and hence connected with " ballad," "
See also:ballet ") comes " ball," meaning a dance, and especially a social gathering of
See also:people for the purpose of dancing .
JOHN BALL (1585-1640)
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