See also:district in the south-east of Hungary, consisting of the counties of Torontal, Temes and Krasso-Szoreny . The
See also:term, in Hungarian, means generally a frontier province governed by a
See also:ban and is
See also:equivalent to the German term Mark . There were in Hungary several banats, which disappeared during the
See also:wars, as the
See also:banat of Dalmatia, of Slavonia, of Bosnia and of Croatia . But when the word is used without any other qualification, it indicates the
See also:Temesvar banat, which strangely acquired this title after the peace of Passarowitz (1718), though it was never governed by a ban . The Banat is bounded E. by the Transylvanian
See also:Alps, S. by the
See also:Danube, W. by the Theiss and N. by the Maros, and has an 'ms:
See also:Banana (Musa sapientum) .
See also:area of 11,26o sq. m . It is mountainous in the south and south-east, while in the
See also:north, west and south-west it is
See also:flat and in some places marshy . The
See also:climate, except in the marshy parts, is generally healthy . It is well-watered, and forms one of the most fertile districts of Hungary . Wheat,
See also:barley, oats,
See also:hemp and
See also:tobacco are grown in large quantities, and the products of the vineyards are of a
See also:good quality .
See also:Game is plentiful and the
See also:rivers swarm with
See also:fish . The
See also:wealth is
See also:great, including copper, tin, lead,
See also:zinc, iron and especially
See also:coal .
Amongst its numerous mineral springs, the most important are those of
See also:Mehadia, with sulphurous
See also:waters, which were already known in the
See also:period as the Thermae Herculis . The Banat had in 1900 a population of 1,431,329 inhabitants . According to
See also:nationality there were 578,789 Rumanians, 362,487 Germans, 251,938 Servians and 170,124
See also:Magyars . The chief
See also:town is Temesvar (pop . 53,033), and other places of importance are
See also:Versecz (25,199),
See also:Lugos (16,126), Nagybecskerek (26,407),
See also:Nagykikinda (24,843) and Pancsova (19,044) . The Banat was conquered by the
See also:Turks in 1552, and remained a Turkish sanjak (province) till 1716, when
See also:Eugene of Savoy liberated it from the Turkish yoke . It received the title of Banat after the peace of Passarowitz (1718), and remained under a military administration until 1751, when Maria
See also:Theresa introduced a
See also:civil administration . During the Turkish occupation the district was nearly depopulated, and. allowed to lie almost desolate in
See also:marsh and heath and
See also:forest . Count
See also:Claudius Mercy (1666—1734), who was appointed
See also:governor of Temesvar in 1720, took numerous
See also:measures for the regeneration of the Banat . The marshes hear the Danube and Theiss were cleared, roads and canals were built at great expense of labour, German artisans and other settlers were attracted to colonize the district, and
See also:agriculture and
See also:trade encouraged . Maria Theresa also took a great
See also:interest in the Banat, colonized the
See also:land belonging to the
See also:crown with German peasants, founded many villages, encouraged the exploitation of the mineral wealth of the
See also:country, and generally
See also:developed the measures introduced by Mercy . In 1779 the Banat was again incorporated with Hungary .
After the revolution of 1848—1849, the Banat together with another
See also:county (Bats) was separated from Hungary, and created into a distinctive
See also:Austrian crown land, but in 186o it was definitely incorporated with Hungary . See Leonhard Bohm, Geschichte
See also:des Temeser Banats (2 vols.,
See also:Leipzig, 1861); Johann Heinrich Schwicker, Geschichte des Temeser Banats (Pest, 1872) .
BANATE (a corruption of Panaiti, their real name), ...
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.