See also:Bart . (1743—1820),
See also:English naturalist, was
See also:born in Argyle Street,
See also:London, on the 13th of
See also:February 1743 . His
See also:Banks, was the son of a successful Lincoln-
See also:doctor, who became
See also:sheriff of his
See also:county, and represented
See also:Peterborough in parliament; and
See also:Joseph was brought up as the son of a
See also:rich man . In 176o he went to
See also:Oxford, where he showed a decided taste for natural science and was the means of introducing botanical lectures into the university . In 1764 he came into possession of the ample
See also:left by his father, and in 1766 he made his first scientific expedition to Newfound-
See also:land and Labrador, bringing back a rich collection of
See also:plants and
See also:insects . Shortly after his return, Captain
See also:Cook was sent by the
See also:government to observe the transit of
See also:Venus in the Pacific Ocean, and Banks, through the influence of his friend
See also:Sandwich, obtained leave to join the expedition in the " Endeavour," which was fitted out at his own expense . He made the most careful preparations, in
See also:order to be able to profit by every opportunity, and induced Dr Daniel Solander, a distinguished
See also:pupil of
See also:Linnaeus, to accompany him . He even engaged
See also:draughts-men and painters to delineate such
See also:objects of
See also:interest as did not admit of being transported or preserved . The voyage occupied three years and many hardships had to be undergone; but the rich
See also:harvest of
See also:discovery was more than adequate compensation . Banks was equally anxious to join Cook's second expeditioft and expended large sums in engaging assistants and furnishing the necessary equipment; but circumstances obliged him to relinquish his purpose . He, however, employed the assistants and materials he had collected in a voyage to
See also:Iceland in 1772, returning by the
See also:Hebrides and Staffa . In 1778 Banks succeeded
See also:Pringle as
See also:president of the Royal Society, of which he had been a
See also:fellow from 1766, and held the
See also:office until his
See also:death .
In 1781 he was made a
See also:baronet; in 1795 he received the order of the Bath; and in 1797 he was admitted to the privy council . He died at Isleworth on the 19th of
See also:June 1820 . As president of the Royal Society he did much to raise the state of science in Britain, and was at the same
See also:time most assiduous and successful in cultivating friendly relations with scientific men of all nations . It was, however, objected to him that from his own predilections he was inclined to overlook and depreciate the labours of the mathematical and
See also:physical sections of the Royal Society and that he exercised his authority somewhat despotically . He bequeathed his collections of books and botanical specimens to the
See also:British Museum . His fame rests rather on what his liberality enabled other workers to do than on his own achievements . See J . H .
See also:Maiden, Sir Joseph Banks (19o9) .
NATHANIEL PRENTISS BANKS (1816–1894)
THOMAS BANKS (1735-1805)
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