See also:confederation of the
See also:Polish nobles and gentry formed at the little fortress of
See also:Bar in
See also:Podolia in 1768 to defend the
See also:internal and
See also:external independence of Poland against the aggressions of the
See also:government as represented by her representative at Warsaw,
See also:Repnin . The originators of this confederation were
See also:Adam Krasinski,
See also:bishop of Kamenets, Osip Pulawski and Michael Krasinski .
See also:Stanislaus was at first inclined to mediate between the confederates and Russia; but finding this impossible, sent a force against them under the
See also:hetman Ksawery Branicki and two generals, who captured Bar . Nevertheless, a simultaneous outbreak of a
See also:jacquerie in Little-Russia contributed to the extension of the confederation throughout the eastern province of Poland and even in Lithuania . The
See also:con-federates, thereupon, appealed for help abroad and contributed to bring about a war between Russia and
See also:Turkey . So serious indeed was the situation that
See also:Frederick II. advised Catherine to come to terms with the confederates . Their bands under Ignaty Malchewsky, Michael Pac and Prince
See also:Charles Radziwill ravaged the
See also:land in every direction, won several engagements over the Russians, and at last, utterly ignoring the king, sent envoys on their own account to the
See also:powers . In 1770 the Council of the Confederation was transferred from its
See also:original seat in
See also:Silesia to Hungary, from whence it conducted
See also:diplomatic negotiations with France,
See also:Austria and Turkey with the view of forming a
See also:league against Russia . The
See also:court of
See also:Versailles sent Dumouriez to
See also:act as
See also:commander-in-chief of the confederates, but neither as a soldier nor as a politician did this adroit adventurer particularly distinguish himself, and his account of his experiences is very unfair to the confederates . Among other blunders, he pronounced King Stanislaus a
See also:tyrant and a traitor at the very moment when he was about to accede to the Confederation . The king thereupon reverted to the Russian
See also:faction and the Confederation lost the confidence of
See also:Europe . Nevertheless, its army, thoroughly reorganized by Dumouriez, gallantly maintained the hopeless struggle for some years, and it was not till 1776 that the last traces of it disappeared .
See also:Alexander Kraushar, Prince Repnin in Poland (Pol.) (Warsaw, 1900); F . A . Thesby de Belcour, The Confederates of Bar (Pol.) (
See also:Cracow, 1895) ; Charles
See also:Francois Dumouriez, Memoires et
See also:correspondence (
See also:Paris, 1834) . (R . N .
FRANCOIS DE BAR (1538-1606)
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