Online Encyclopedia

BARYTOCALCITE

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V03, Page 457 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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BARYTOCALCITE, a rare mineral found only at Alston Moor in Cumberland, where it occurs as diverging groups of white transparent crystals lining cavities in the Mountain Limestone. The crystals belong to the monoclinic system and are usually prismatic or blade-shaped in habit. The hardness is 4, and the sp. gr. 3.65. There are perfect cleavages parallel to the prism faces inclined at an angle of 73° 6', and a less perfect cleavage parallel to the basal plane, the angle between which and the prism faces is 770 6'; the angles between these three cleavages thus approximate to the angles (740 55') between the three cleavages of calcite, and there are other points of superficial resemblance between these two minerals. Chemically, barytocalcite is a double salt of barium and calcium carbonates, BaCa(CO3)2, thus differing from the orthorhombic bromlite (q.v.) which is an isomorphous mixture of the two carbonates. (L. J. S.)
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