See also:left) of the Rhine . It is traversed by
See also:railways from
See also:Basel to Olten (25 m.) and to Laufen (14i m.), besides
See also:local lines from Basel to Fluhen (8 m.) for the frequented pilgrimage resort of Mariastein, and from
See also:Liestal to
See also:Waldenburg (84 m.); From 1803 to 1814 the
See also:canton was one of the six "Directorial Directorof the
See also:Confederation . Since 1833 it has been divided into two
See also:half cantons, with
See also:independent constitutions . One is that of Basel Stadt or Bale Ville, including, besides the city of Basel, the three rural districts (all . to the
See also:north of the Rhine) of Riehen, Betting= and
See also:Klein I-ltiningen (the latter now
See also:united to the city) . The
See also:area of this half canton is 53.7 sq. m. only, of which 11 sq. m. are classed as " productive," forests occupying 1.5 sq. m., but its total population in 1900 was 112,227 (of whom 3066 inhabited the ruralLdistricts), mainly German-speaking, and numbering 73,063 Protestants, 37,10t Romanists (including the Old Catholics), and 1897 Jews . The cantonal constitution
See also:dates from 1889 . The executive of seven members and the legislature (Grossrat) of 13o members, as well as the one member sent to the Federal Standerat and the six sent to the Federal Nationalrat, are all elected by a,
See also:direct popular
See also:vote for the
See also:term of three years . Since 1875, 1000 citizens can claim a popular vote (facultative
See also:Referendum) on all bills, or can exercise the right of initiative whether as to
See also:laws or the revision of the cantonal constitution . The other half canton is that of Basel Landschaft or Bale Campagne, which is divided into four administrative districts and comprises seventy-four communes, its capital being Liestal . Its total area is 165 sq. m., of which all but 5 sq.. m, is reckoned " productive " (including 55.9 sq. m. of forests) . In 1900 its total population was 68,497, nearly all German-speaking, while there were 52,763 Protestants, 15,564 Romanists, and 130 Jews . The cantonal constitution dates from 1892, The executive of 5 members and the legislature or Landrat (one member per, Soo inhabitants or fraction over 400), as well as the single member sent to the Federal Standerat and the three sent to the Federal Nationalrat, are all elected by a direct popular vote for three years .
The " obligatory Referendum "obtains in thecase of all laws, while 1500 citizens have the right of " initiative " whether as to laws or the revision of the cantonal constitution .
See also:Silk ribbon
See also:weaving, textile
See also:industries and the manufacture of tiles are carried on . (W . A . B .
JOHANN BERNHARD BASEDOW (1723-1790)
BASEL (Fr. Belle, but Basle is a wholly erroneous f...
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