See also:canton of
See also:Basel Stadt or Bale Ville . It is now the second most populous (109,165 inhabit-ants)
See also:town (ranking after Zurich) in the Swiss
See also:Confederation, while it is reputed to be the richest, the number of
See also:resident millionaires (in francs) exceeding that of any other Swiss town . Both facts are largely due to the opening (1882) of the St Gotthard railway, as merchandise collected from every
See also:part of
See also:north and central
See also:Europe is stored in Basel previous to being redistributed by means of that
See also:line . Hence the city has an extremely large and flourishing transit
See also:trade, despite the. rather dingy appearance of its older portions . The city is divided by the Rhine into
See also:Gross Basel (south) and
See also:Klein Basel (north), the former being by far the larger . There are several bridges over the
See also:river, the old wooden
See also:bridge having been replaced in 1905 by one built of
See also:stone .. The central or
See also:main railway station is in Gross Basel, while the Baden station is in Klein Basel . The most prominent
See also:building in the city is the
See also:cathedral or Munster, built of deep red sand-stone, on a terrace high above the Rhine . It was consecrated in 1019, but was mainly rebuilt after the disastrous
See also:earthquake of 1356 that nearly ruined the city . The public meetings of the
See also:oecumenical council (1431–1449) were held in the
See also:choir, while the committees sat in the
See also:house .
See also:Erasmus lived in Basel 1521–1529, and on his
See also:death there (1536.) was buried in the cathedral, attached to which are cloisters, in which various celebrated men are buried, e.g .
See also:Oecolampadius (d .
1531),Grynaeus (d . 1541), Buxtorf (d . 1732) . The 16th-century Rathaus or town
See also:hall has recently been restored . In the museum is a
See also:fine collection of
See also:works of
See also:art by
See also:Holbein (who lived in Basel from 1528 to 1531), while the
See also:historical museum (in the old Franciscan
See also:church) contains many treasures, and among them the fragments of the famous Dance of Death, wrongly attributed to Holbein . The university (founded by
See also:Pius II. in 146o) is the
See also:oldest in
See also:Switzerland, and of
See also:late years has been extended by the construction of detached buildings for the study of the natural sciences, e.g. the Vesalianum and the Bernoullianum . The university library is very
See also:rich, and contains the
See also:MSS. of the acts of the great oecumenical council . There are a number of
See also:modern monuments in the city, the most important being that set up to the memory of the Swiss who fell in the
See also:battle of St Jakob (1444), won by the French . Basel is the seat of the chief missionary society in Switzerland, the training school for missionaries being at St Chrischona, 6 m. out of the city . The town was founded in A.D . 394 by the emperor Valentinian, from whose residence there it takes its name . In the 5th century the
See also:bishop of
See also:Augusta Rauricorum (now called Kaiser Angst), 7+ M. to the east, moved his see thither .
See also:history of the city-is that of the growing power, spiritual and temporal, of the bishops, whose secular influence was gradually supplanted in the 14th century. by the advance of the
See also:rival power of the burghers . In 1356 the city was nearly destroyed by a great earthquake . After long swaying between the neighbouring Rhine cities and the Swiss Confederation, it was admitted into the latter in 15o, . It later. became one of the chief centres of the Reformation
See also:movement in Switzerland, so that the bishop retired in 1525 to Porrentruy, where he resided till 1992, finally settling at Soleure in 1828, the bishopric having been wholly reorganized since 1814 . As in other Swiss towns the trade
See also:gilds got all
See also:political power into their hands, especially by the 18th century . They naturally favoured the city at the expense of the rural districts, so that in 1832 the latter proclaimed their independence, and in 1833 were organized into the half canton of Basel Landschaft, the city forming that of Basel Stadt . See Basler Biographien (3 vols., 19oo—r9o5) ; Basler Chroniken (original
See also:chronicles), (5 vols.,
See also:Leipzig, 1872—1890) ; H .
See also:Boos, Geschichte von Basel, vol. i . (to 1501) alone published (1877); A . Burckhardt, Bilder aus d . Geschichte von Basel (3 vols., 1869—1882) ; Festschrift z . 400ten Jahrestage d. ewig .
Bundes zwisch . B. and den Eidgenossen (1901) ; T . Geering,
See also:Handel and Industrie d . Stadt Basel (1885) ; A . Heusler, Verfassungsgeschichte d . Stadt Basel
See also:im Mittel alter (186o), and Rechtsquellen von Basel (2 vols., 1856—1865); L . A . Stocker, Basler . Stadtbilder (1890); L . Stouff, Pouvoir temporel
See also:des eveques de Bale (2 vols.,
See also:Paris, 1891); R . Thommen, Gesch. d . Universitat B., 1532—1632 0889); Urkundenbuch d .
Landschaft B . (pub. from 1881), andditto for the city (pub. from 1890) ; W . Vischer, Gesch. d . Universitdt B., 146o—r529 (186o) ; R . Wackernagel, Gesch. d . Stadt Basel (3 vols., 1906 sqq.); K . Weber, Die Revolution im Kanton Basel, 1830-1833 (1907) ; G . Gautherot, La Republique rauracienne (1908) . (W . A . B .
BASEL (Fr. Bale)
CONFESSION OF BASEL
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