See also:town of
See also:Portugal, in the
See also:district of
See also:Leiria, formerly included in the province of
See also:Estremadura; 8 M . S. of Leiria . Pop . (1900) 3858 .
See also:Batalha, which occupies the site of the
See also:medieval Canoeira, is chiefly interesting for its
See also:great Dominican monastery of
See also:Santa Maria da
See also:Victoria (" St Mary of the Victory "), also known as Batalha . Both town and monastery owe their names to the
See also:battle fought on the plain between Canoeira and Aljubarrota, 9 m . S.W., in which
See also:John I. of Portugal defeated John I. of
See also:Castile in 1385 and secured the independence of his
See also:kingdom . The monastery is built of
See also:brown lime-
See also:stone, resembling marble, and richly sculptured . In
See also:size and beauty it excels all the other buildings of Portugal in which
See also:Gothic and Moorish architecture are combined . Its ground-plan may be roughly described as a parallelogram, measuring about 500 ft. from
See also:north to south, and 445 from east to west; with the circular annexe of the royal
See also:mausoleum on the east, and the Founder's
See also:chapel at the south-western corner . In the centre is the royal cloister, which is flanked by the refectory, now a museum, on the west; and by the
See also:house, on the east . Two smaller cloisters, named respectively after Alphonse V. and John III.,
See also:form the
See also:northern division of the parallelogram; its
See also:southern division is the Gothic
See also:church .
The Founder's chapel contains the
See also:tomb of John I . (d . 1433) and Philippa of
See also:Lancaster (d . 5416), his
See also:queen, with the tomb of
See also:Henry the Navigator (d . -1460) . Like the royal mausoleum, where several later monarchs are buried, it is remarkable for the intricacy and exquisite finish of its carved stonework . The monastery was probably founded in 1388 . Plans and masons were procured from England by Queen Philippa, and the
See also:work was entrusted to A . Domingues, a native architect, and
See also:Huet or Houguet, an Irishman . Only the royal cloister, church and Founder's chapel were included in the
See also:original design; and all three show signs of
See also:English influence . Various additions were made up to 1551, beginning with the royal mausoleum and ending with the cloister of John III . Considerable damage was inflicted by the
See also:earthquake of 1755; and in 1810 the monastery was sacked by the French .
It was secularized in 1834 and declared a
See also:monument in 184o . Thenceforward it was gradually restored .
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.