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HENRI JOSEPH LEON BAUDRILLART (1821–1...

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Originally appearing in Volume V03, Page 537 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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HENRI JOSEPH LEON BAUDRILLART (1821–1892), French economist, was born in Paris on the 28th of November 1821. His father, Jacques Joseph (1774–1832), was a distinguished writer on forestry, and was for many years in the service of the French government, eventually becoming the head of that branch of the department of agriculture which had charge of the state forests. Henri was educated at the College Bourbon, where he had a distinguished career, and in 1852 he was appointed assistant lecturer in political economy to M. Chevalier at the College de France. In 1866, on the creation of a new chair of economic history, Baudrillart was appointed to fill it. His first work was an Eloge de Margot (1846), which at once won him notice among the economists. In 1853 he published an erudite work on Jean Bodin et son temps; then in 1857 a Manuel d'economie polilique; in 1860, Des rapports de la morale et de l'economie polilique; in 1865, La Liberte du travail; and from 1878 to 188o, L'Histoire du luxe . . depuis l'antiquile jusqu'a nos jours, in four volumes. At the instance of the Academie des Sciences Morales et Politiques he investigated the condition of the farming classes of France, and published the results in four volumes (1885, et seq.). From 1855 to 1864 he directed the Journal des economistes, and contributed many articles to the Journal des debats and to the Revue des deux mondes. His writings are distinguished by their style, as well as by their profound erudition. In 1863 he was elected member of the Academic des Sciences Morales et Politiques; in 187o he was appointed inspector-general of public libraries, and in 1881 he succeeded J. Garnier as professor of political economy at the Ecole des Ponta et Chaussees. Baudrillart was made an officer of the Legion of Honour in 1889. He died in Paris on the 24th of January 1892.
End of Article: HENRI JOSEPH LEON BAUDRILLART (1821–1892)
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