See also:born at La
See also:Yonne (Vendee) . He studied under Drolling, a sound but second-
See also:rate artist, and carried off the Prix de Rome in 1850 by his picture of "
See also:Zenobia found on the
See also:banks of the Araxes." His
See also:talent from the first revealed itself as strictly academical, full of elegance and
See also:grace, but somewhat lacking originality . In the course of his residence in Italy Baudry derived strong inspiration from
See also:art with the mannerism of Coreggio, as was very evident in the two
See also:works he exhibited in the
See also:Salon of 1857, which were
See also:purchased for the Luxembourg: " The Martyrdom of a Vestal Virgin " and The
See also:Child." His "
See also:Leda.," " St
See also:John the Baptist," and a " Portrait of Beule," exhibited at the same
See also:time, took a first prize that
See also:year . Throughout this early
See also:period Baudry commonly selected mythological or fanciful subjects, one of the most noteworthy being " The Pearl and the
See also:Wave." Once only did he attempt an
See also:historical picture, "
See also:Corday after the
See also:murder of
See also:Marat (1861); and returned by preference to the former class of subjects or to
See also:painting portraits of illustrious men of his day—Guizot,
See also:Charles Gamier, Edmond About . The works that crowned Baudry's reputation were his mural decorations, which show much
See also:imagination and a high
See also:gift for
See also:colour, as may be seen in the frescoes in the
See also:Paris Cour de Cassation, at the chateau of
See also:Chantilly, and some private residences—the hotel
See also:Fould' and hotel Paiva—but, above all, in the decorations of the foyer of the Paris
See also:house . These, more than
See also:thirty paintings in all, and among them compositions figurative of dancing and
See also:music, occupied the painter, for ten years . Baudry died in Paris in 1886 . He was a member of the Institut de France, succeeding
See also:Jean Victor Schnetz . Two of studied
See also:jurisprudence at the university of Vienna, he entered the chiefly to botany . His
See also:work, Historia plantarum nova et
See also:government service in a legal capacity, and after holding various minor offices was transferred in 1843 to a responsible
See also:post on the Lottery Commission . He had already embarked upon politics, and severely criticized the government in a pamphlet, Pia Desideria eines osterreichischen Schriftstellers (1842); and in 1845 he made a
See also:journey to England, after which his
See also:political opinions became more pronounced . After the Revolution, in 1848, he quitted the government service in
See also:order to devote himself entirely to letters .
He lived in Vienna until his
See also:death on the 9th of
See also:August 189o, and was ennobled for his work . As a writer of comedies and farces,
See also:Bauernfeld takes high
See also:rank among the German playwrights of the century; his plots are
See also:clever, the situations witty and natural and the diction elegant . His earliest essays, the comedies Leichtsinn aus Liebe (1831);
See also:Des Liebes-Protokoll (1831) and Die ewige Lithe (1834); Biirgerlich and Romantisch, (1835) enjoyed great popularity . Later he turned his
See also:attention to so-called Salonstileke (
See also:room pieces), notably Aus der Gesellschafi (1866) ; Moderne Jugend (1869), and Der Landfrieden (1869), in which he portrays in fresh, bright and happy sallies the social conditions of the capital in which he lived . A
See also:complete edition of Bauernfeld's works, Gesammelte Schriften, appeared in 12 vols . (Vienna, 1871-1873) ; Dramatischer Nachlass, ed. by F. von
See also:Saar (1893); selected works, ed. by E . Horner (4 vols., 1905) . See A . Stern, Bauernfeld, Ein Dichterportr¢t (189o), R. von
See also:Gottschall, " E. von Bauernfeld " (in Unsere Zeit, 1890), and E . Horner, Bauernfeld (1900) .
HENRI JOSEPH LEON BAUDRILLART (1821–1892)
BAUDRY, or BALDERICH, OF BOURGUEIL (1046 or 1047-r ...
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