Online Encyclopedia

ANTOINE BAUME (1728-1894)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V03, Page 539 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
Spread the word: it!
ANTOINE BAUME (1728-1894), French chemist, was born at Senlis on the 26th of February 1728. He was apprenticed to the chemist Claude Joseph Geoffroy, and in 1752 was admitted a member of the Ecole de Pharmacie, where in the same year he was appointed professor of chemistry. The money he made in a business he carried on in Paris for dealing in chemical products enabled him to retire in 178o in order to devote himself to applied chemistry, but, ruined in the Revolution, he was obliged to return to a commercial career. He devised many improvements in technical processes, e.g. for bleaching silk, dyeing, gilding, purifying saltpetre, &c., but he is best known as the inventor of the hydrometer associated with his name (often in this connexion improperly spelt Beaume). Of the numerous books and papers he wrote the most important is his Elemens de pharmacie theorique el pratique (9 editions, 1762-1818). He became a member of the Academy of Sciences in 1772, and an associate of the Institute in 1796. He died in Paris on the 15th of October 1804.
End of Article: ANTOINE BAUME (1728-1894)

Additional information and Comments

Antoine may be famous for the Baume scale but I think he should be even more famous for living to 166 (1728 - 1894) wow!
» Add information or comments to this article.
Please link directly to this article:
Highlight the code below, right click and select "copy." Paste it into a website, email, or other HTML document.