Online Encyclopedia

BECHUANA

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V03, Page 603 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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BECHUANA, a South African people, forming a branch of the great Bantu-Negroid family. They occupy not only Bechuanaland, to which they have given their name, and Basutoland, but are the most numerous native race in the Orange River Colony and in the western and northern districts of the Transvaal. It seems certain that they reached their present home later than the Zulu-Xosa [Kaffir] peoples who came down the east coast of the continent, but it is probable that they started on their southward journey before the latter. It would appear that the forerunners of the movement were the Bakalahari and Balala, who were subsequently reduced to the condition of serfs by the later arrivals, and who by intermingling to a certain extent with the aborigines gave rise to the " Kalahari Bushmen " (see
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JOHANN JOACHIM BECHER (1635-1682)
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