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LYMAN BEECHER (1775—1863)

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Originally appearing in Volume V03, Page 640 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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LYMAN

BEECHER (1775—1863)  ,
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American clergyman, was born at New Haven,
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Connecticut, on the 12th of
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October 1775 . He was a descendant of one of the founders of the New Haven colony, worked as a boy in an
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uncle's blacksmith
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shop and on his
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farm, and in 1797 graduated from Yale, having studied
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theology under Timothy Dwight . He preached in the Presbyterian church at East Hampton, Long Island (1798—181o, being ordained in 1799); in the Congregational church at
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Litchfield, Connecticut (1810—1826),. in the Hanover Street church of Boston (1826—1832), and in the Second Presbyterian church of
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Cincinnati,
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Ohio (1833—1843); was president of the newly established Lane Theological Seminary at Walnut Hills, Cincinnati, and was professor of didactic and polemic theology there (1832—1850), being professor emeritus until his
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death . At Litchfield and in Boston he was a prominent opponent of the growing "
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heresy " of
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Unitarianism, though as early as 1836 he was accused of being a " moderate Calvinist " and was tried for heresy, but was acquitted . Upon his resignation from Lane Theological Seminary he lived in Boston for a short time, devoting himself to literature; but he broke down, and the last ten years of his
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life were spent at the home of his son, Henry Ward Beecher, in
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Brooklyn, New York, where he died on the loth of
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January 1863 . Magnetic in personality, incisive and powerful in manner of expression, he was in his prime one of the most eloquent of American pulpit orators . In 18o6 he preached a widely circulated sermon on duelling, and about 1814 a series of six sermons on intemperance, which were reprinted frequently and greatly aided
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temperance reform . Thrice married, he had a large
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family, his seven sons becoming Congregational clergymen, and his daughters, Harriet Beecher Stowe (q.v.) and Catherine
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Esther Beecher, attaining
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literary distinction . Lyman Beecher's published
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works include: A Plea for the West (1835), Views in Theology (1836), and various sermons; his Collected Works were published at Boston in 1852 in 3 vols . Consult his Autobiography and Correspondence (2 vols., New York, 1863-1864), edited by his son Charles; D . H . Alien, Life and Services of Lyman Beecher (Cincinnati, 1863) ; and James C .

White,
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Personal Reminiscences of Lyman Beecher (New York, 1882) . His daughter, CATHERINE ESTHER (1800-1878), was born at East Hampton, Long Island, on the 6th of September 1800 . She was educated at Litchfield Seminary, and from 1822 to 1832 conducted a school for girls at
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Hartford, Connecticut, with her
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sister Harriet's assistance, and from 1832 to 1834 conducted a similar school in Cincinnati . She wrote and lectured on
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women's
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education and in behalf of better
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primary
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schools, and radically opposed woman suffrage and college education for women, holding woman's sphere to be domestic . The
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National Board of Popular Education, a charitable society which she founded, sent hundreds of women as teachers into the South and West . She died on the 12th of May 1878 in
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Elmira, New York . She published An Essay on
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Slavery and Abolition with Reference to the Duty of American
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Females (1837), A
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Treatise on Domestic
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Economy (1842), The True Remedy for the Wrongs of Women (1851), Letters to the
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People on
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Health and Happiness (1855), The Religious Training of Children (1864), and Woman's Profession as
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Mother and Educator (1871) . His son,
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EDWARD BEECHER (1803-1895), was born at East Hampton, Long Island, on the 27th of August 1803, graduated at Yale in 1822, studied theology at
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Andover, and in 1826 became pastor of the Park Street church in Boston . From 183o to 1844 he was president of
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Illinois College,
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Jacksonville, Illinois, and subsequently filled pastorates at the
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Salem Street church, Boston (1844—1855), and the Congregational church at
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Galesburg, Illinois (1855--1871) . He was senior editor of the Congregationalist (1849—1855), and an associate editor of the Christian Union from 187o . In 1872 he settled in Brooklyn, New York, where in 1885—1889 he was pastor of the Parkville church and where he died on the 28th of
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July 1895 . He wrote Addresses on the
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Kingdom of
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God (1827),
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History of the
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Alton Riots (1837), .statement of
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Aut:-5'avery Principles (1837),
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Baptism, its Importand Modes (185o), The Conflict of Ages (1853), The Papal Conspiracy Exposed (1855), The Concord of Ages (186o), and History of Opinions on the Scriptural
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Doctrine of Future Retvibution(1878) .

End of Article: LYMAN BEECHER (1775—1863)
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FREDERICK WILLIAM BEECHEY (1796—1856)

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