See also:British divine and educationalist, was
See also:born at St Andrews on the 27th of
See also:March 1753 . He graduated at the university there, and afterwards spent some years as a tutor in Virginia, U.S.A . On his return he took orders, and in 1787 sailed for India, where he held eight army chaplaincies at the same
See also:time . In 1789 he became
See also:superintendent of the male
See also:asylum at
See also:Madras, and having been obliged from scarcity of teachers to introduce the
See also:system of mutual tuition by the pupils, found the
See also:scheme answer so well that he 'became convinced of its universal applicability . In 1797, after his return to
See also:London, he published a small pamphlet explaining his views on
See also:education . Little public
See also:attention was
See also:drawn towards the " monitorial " plan till
See also:Lancaster (q.v.), the Quaker, opened a school in
See also:Southwark, conducting it in accordance with
See also:Bell's principles, and improving on his system . The success of the method, and the strong support given to Lancaster by the whole
See also:body of Nonconformists gave immense impetus to the
See also:movement . Similar
See also:schools were established in greatnumbers; and the members of the
See also:Church of England, becoming alarmed at the patronage of such schools resting entirely in the hands of dissenters, resolved to set up similar institutions in which their own principles should be inculcated . In 1807 Bell was called from his rectory of
See also:Swanage in Dorset to organize a system of schools in accordance with these views, and in 1811 became superintendent of the newly formed "
See also:National Society for Promoting the Education of the Poor in the Principles of the Established Church." For his valuable services he was in some degree recompensed by his preferment to a prebend of
See also:Westminster, and to the mastership of Sherburn hospital, Durham . He tried, but without success, to plant his system in Scotland and on the continent . He died on the 27th of
See also:January 1832, at
See also:Cheltenham, and was buried in Westminster Abbey . His
See also:fortune was bequeathed almost entirely for educational purposes .
Of the £120,000 given in
See also:trust to the
See also:provost of St Andrews, two city ministers and the
See also:professor of Greek in the university,
See also:half was devoted to the founding of the important school, called the Madras
See also:College, at St Andrews; £1o,000 was
See also:left to each of the large cities,
See also:Inverness and
See also:Aberdeen, for school purposes; and £1o,00o was also given to the Royal
See also:Naval School .
See also:Life of Dr Bell (3 vols.) is very tedious; J . D . Meiklejohn's An Old Educational Reformer is concise and accurate .
ALEXANDER MELVILLE BELL (1819—1905)
GEORGE JOSEPH BELL (1770-1843)
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