Online Encyclopedia

JOHN HUGHES BENNETT (1812–1875)

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Originally appearing in Volume V03, Page 741 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JOHN HUGHES BENNETT (1812–1875)  ,
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English physician and pathologist, was born in
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London on the 31st of August 1812 . He was educated at Exeter, and being destined for the medical profession was articled to a surgeon in
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Maidstone . In 1833 he began his studies at
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Edinburgh, and in 1837 graduated with the highest honours . During the next four years he studied in Paris and Germany, and on his return to Edinburgh in 1841 published a
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Treatise on
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Cod-liver Oil as a Therapeutic Agent . In the same
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year he began to lecture as an extra-academical teacher on histology,
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drawing attention to the importance of the microscope in the investigation of disease; and as physician to the Royal Dispensary he instituted courses of " polyclinical
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medicine." In 1843 he was appointed professor of the institutes of medicine at Edinburgh, and performed the duties of that chair with
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great energy till incapacitated by failing
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health . He resigned in 1874 . In August 1875 he was able to be
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present at the meeting of the
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British Medical Association in Edinburgh, on which occasion he received the degree of LL.D., but the fatigue he then underwent brought on a relapse, and he was compelled to have the operation of lithotomy performed . He sank rapidly and died on the 25th of September at Norwich . His publications were very numerousincluding Lectures on Clinical Medicine (1850–1856), which in second and subsequent
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editions were called Clinical Lectures on the Principles and Practice of Medicine, and were translated into various
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languages, including
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Russian and
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Hindu; Leucocythaemia (1852), the first recorded cure of which was published by him in 1845; Outlines of Physiology (1858), reprinted from the 8th edition of the
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Encyclopaedia Britannica; Pathology and Treatment of Pulmonary
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Tuberculosis (1853); Textbook of Physiology (1871–1872) .

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