BERENICE, or BERNICE , the Macedonian forms of theGreek Pherenice, the name of (A) five
See also:Egyptian and (B) two Jewish princesses . (A) I . BERENICE, daughter of Lagus, wife of an obscure Macedonian soldier and subsequently of
See also:Soter, with whose
See also:Eurydice she came to
See also:Egypt as a
See also:lady-in-waiting . Her son, Ptolemy Philadelphus, was recognized as
See also:heir over the M . 2$769 heads of Eurydice's
See also:children . So
See also:great was her ability and her influence that
See also:Pyrrhus of
See also:Epirus gave the name Berenicis to a new city . Her son Philadelphus decreed divine honours to her on her
See also:death . (See
See also:Theocritus, Idylls xv. and xvii.) 2 . BERENICE, daughter of Ptolemy Philadelphus, wife of
See also:Antiochus Theos of
See also:Syria, who, according to agreement with Ptolemy (249), had divorced his wife Laodice and transferred the succession to Berenice's children . On Ptolemy's death, Antiochus repudiated Berenice and took back Laodice, who, however, at once poisoned him and murdered Berenice and her son . The prophecy in Daniel xi . 6 seq. refers to these events .
3 . BERENICE, the daughter of Magas,
See also:king of
See also:Cyrene, and the wife of Ptolemy III . Euergetes . During her
See also:absence on an expedition to Syria, she dedicated her hair to
See also:Venus for his safe return, and placed it in the
See also:temple of the goddess at Zephyrium . The hair having by some unknown means disappeared,
See also:Conon of
See also:Samos, the mathematician and astronomer, explained the phenomenon in courtly phrase, by saying that it had been carried to the heavens and placed among the stars . The name
See also:Coma .Berenices, applied to a
See also:constellation, commemorates this incident .
See also:Callimachus celebrated the transformation in a poem, of which only a few lines remain, but there is a
See also:translation of it by Catullus . Soon after her husband's death (221 B.c.) she was murdered at the instigation of her son Ptolemy IV., with whom she was probably associated in the
See also:government . 4 . BERENICE, also called
See also:CLEOPATRA, daughter of Ptolemy X., married as her second husband
See also:Alexander II.,
See also:grandson of Ptolemy VII . He murdered her three
See also:weeks afterwards . 5 .
BERENICE, daughter of Ptolemy Auletes, eldest
See also:sister of the great Cleopatra . The Alexandrines placed her on the
See also:throne in succession to her
See also:father (58 B.C.) . She married Seleucus Cybiosactes, but soon caused him to be slain, and married
See also:Archelaus, who had been made king of Comana in
See also:Pontus (or in
See also:Cappadocia) by
See also:Pompey . Auletes was restored and put both Berenice and Archelaus to death in S5 B.C . ` (B) 1 . BERENICE, daughter of
See also:Salome, sister of Herod I., and wife of her
See also:Aristobulus, who was assassinated in 6 B.C . Their relations had been unhappy and she was accused of complicity in his
See also:murder . By Aristobulus she was the
See also:mother of Herod Agrippa I . Her second husband, Theudion,
See also:uncle on the mother's side of
See also:Antipater, son of Herod I., having been put to death for conspiring against Herod, she married Archelaus . Subsequently she went to Rome and enjoyed the favour of the imperial
See also:household . 2 . BERENICE, daughter of Agrippa I., king of
See also:Judaea, and
See also:born probably about A.D .
28 . She was first married to
See also:Marcus, son of the alabarchl Alexander of Alexandria . On his early death she was married to her father's
See also:brother, Herod of
See also:Chalcis, after whose death (A.D . 48) she lived for some years with her brother, Agrippa II . Her third husband was Polemon, king of
See also:Cilicia, but she soon deserted him, and returned to Agrippa, with whom she was living in 6o when Paul appeared before him at Caesarea (Acts
See also:xxvi.) . During the devastation of Judaea by the Romans, she fascinated Titus, whom along with Agrippa she followed to Rome as his promised wife (A.D . 75), When he became emperor (A.D . 79) he dismissed her finally, though reluctantly, to her own
See also:country . Her influence had been exercised vainly on behalf of the Jews in A.D . 66, but the burning of her palace alienated her sympathies . For her influence see Juvenal, Satires, vi., and Tacitus, Hist. ii . 2 .
JOHN BERESFORD (1738-1805)
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