Online Encyclopedia

BERMONDSEY

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V03, Page 793 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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BERMONDSEY, a south-eastern metropolitan borough of London, England, bounded N. and E. by the Thames, S.E. by Deptford, S.W. by Camberwell, and W. by Southwark. Pop. (1901) 130,760. It is a district of poor streets, inhabited by a labouring population employed in leather and other factories, and in the Surrey Commercial Docks and the wharves bordering the river. The parish of Rotherhithe or Redriff has long been associated with a seafaring population. A tunnel connecting it with the opposite shore of the river was opened in June 1908. The neighbouring Thames Tunnel was opened in 1843, but, as the tolls were insufficient to maintain it, was sold to the East London Railway Company in 1865. The Herold Institute, a branch of the Borough Polytechnic, Southwark, is devoted to instruction in connexion with the leather trade. Southwark Park in the centre of the borough is 63 acres in extent. Bermondsey is in the parliamentary borough of Southwark, including the whole of Rotherhithe and part of the Bermondsey division. The borough council consists of a mayor, 9 aldermen, and 54 councillors. Area 1499.6 acres. The name appears in Domesday, the suffix designating the former insular, marshy character of the district; while the prefix is generally taken to indicate the name of a Saxon over-lord, Beormund. Bermondsey was in favour with the Norman kings as a place of residence, and there was a palace here, perhaps from pre-Norman times. A Cluniac monastery was founded in to82, and Bermondsey Cross became a favoured place of pilgrim-age. The foundation was erected into an abbey in 1399, and Abbey Road recalls its site. Similarly, Spa Road points to the existence of a popular spring and pleasure grounds, maintained for some years at the close of the 18th century. Jacob Street marks Jacob's Island, the scene of the death of Bill Sikes in Dickens's Oliver Twist. Tooley Street, leading east from Southwark by London Bridge railway station, is well known in connexion with the story of three tailors of Tooley Street, who addressed a petition to parliament opening with the comprehensive expression " We, the people of England." The name is a corruption of St Olave, or Olaf, the Christian king of Norway, who in 994 attacked London by way of the river, and broke down London Bridge. See E. T. Clarke, Bermondsey, its Historic Memories (1901)
End of Article: BERMONDSEY
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Additional information and Comments

"Tempest" Breakthroughs What I suspect...& what I think Shakespeare suspected, was that the terms "England" & "English" had nothing to do with an imagined people who lived in what today is called "Schleswig-Holstein" who called themselves "Angles". These people were Saxon-speaking Saxons just like those from the rest of northern Germany. The word "England", I say, derives from the Saxon word for "Island", which is "Igland"....in other words "Anglo-Saxon" is the language of those Saxons who lived on the "Igland" rather than those who stayed on the Continent. "Prospero's Island", then, is not an island in the Mediterranean, as Academe tends to think. "Prospero's Island" is "Prospero's England". When the "King's Ship" is scuttled in a "deep nook in an odd angle of the island", the reference here is to the Thames estuary. When Prospero bids his magical messenger, Ariel to "fetch dew at midnight from the still-vexed Bermoothes" he is not sending him to the stormy Bermuda Islands for some kind of potion. "Still-vexed", as I say in my book, "The Shakespeare-Cervantes Code" means "vexed by distilleries". "Dew" means "booze". Prospero is sending Ariel at midnight to another locale to get booze, because where he is at the moment, the liquor stores have closed. In August, 1604, a Spanish ship, representing the Kingdom of Spain docked in London to sign what was called the "Somerset House Accords" which ended 17 years of Anglo-Spanish warfare. The most likely place the ship would have docked is Tower Wharf...the wharf at the base of the Tower of London. This would not only have been the most imposing place to bring in this ship of state...but it would have introduced the Spanish to the place where the English had kept pirated Spanish gold...which was one of the reasons for the conflict in the first place. Now London, back in 1604 was located entirely north of the Thames...& was subject to all London municipal laws. Directly across the river, however, was the city of Southwark in the County of Surrey, which comparitively was wide-open. All the brothels, distilleries, & bear-baiting events tended to be on the South Bank of the Thames. Directly south of Tower Wharf only a couple of hundred yards away was the village of Bermondsey. A "bermond" is Norman French for a "porter"...& "Bermondsey" means "Porters' Isle"...probably a hiring spot for longshoremen. The plot thickens. The Bermuda Islands get its name from one Juan Bermudez who discovered them. The name "Bermudez" derives from "bermudo", which means "porter"...& is the exact same thing as "bermond". The Spanish for "Bermondsey", then, is "La Isla de Bermudos". What you have then is a Spanish ship in London, which, at midnight, is rolling up the street, while a couple of hundred yards away, Bermondsey, Southwark, Surrey, things are just getting started...& a shipload of Spanish sailors who want to go to town. They don't know Bermondsey, but Ariel does, so they put down a lifeboat & off they go....remembering, of course, to bring back a couple of cases upon their return. Very simple
could someone please tell me where in bermondsey does 110 year old grace jones live if you do not know please could you tell me who can thank you christopher sharp mardenroad@hotmail.com
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