See also:John II.,
See also:king of France and Bonne of Luxemburg, was
See also:born on the 3oth of
See also:November 1340 at
See also:Vincennes . He was created count of
See also:Poitiers in 1356, and was made the king's
See also:lieutenant in
See also:southern France, though the real power rested chiefly with John of
See also:Armagnac, whose daughter Jeanne he married in 136o . The loss of his southern possessions by the treaty of Bretigny was compensated by the fiefs of
See also:Auvergne and
See also:Berry, with the
See also:rank of peer of France . The duke went to England in 136o as a
See also:hostage for the fulfilment of the treaty of Bretigny, returning to France in 1367 on the pretext of
See also:collecting his ransom . He took no leading
See also:part in the war against the
See also:English, his energies being largely occupied with the satisfaction of his
See also:artistic and luxurious tastes . For this reason perhaps his
See also:Charles V. assigned him no
See also:share in the
See also:government during the minority of Charles VI . He received, however, the province of
See also:Languedoc . The
See also:peasant revolt of the Tuchins and Coquins, as the insurgents were called, was suppressed with
See also:great harshness, and the duke exacted from the states of Languedoc assembled at
See also:Lyons a
See also:fine of £15,000 . He fought at Rosebeke in 1382 against the Flemings and helped to suppress the Parisian revolts . By a series of delays he caused the failure of the
See also:naval expedition prepared at
See also:Sluys against England in 1386, and a second accusation of military negligence led to disgrace of the royal princes and the temporary
See also:triumph of the tnarmousets, as the advisers of the
See also:late king were nicknamed . Charles VI. visited Languedoc in 1389-1390, and enquired into his
See also:uncle's government . The duke was deprived of the government of Languedoc, and his
See also:agent, Betizac, was burnt .
When in 1401 he was restored, he delegated his authority in the province, where he was still hated, to
See also:Bernard d'Armagnac . In 1396 he negotiated a truce with
See also:Richard II. of England, and his
See also:marriage with the princess Isabella of France . He tried to mediate between his brother
See also:Philip the Bold of
See also:Burgundy and his
See also:Louis, duke of
See also:Orleans, and later between John " sans Peur " of Burgundy and Orleans . He broke with John after the
See also:murder of Orleans, though he tried to prevent
See also:civil war, and only finally joined the Armagnac party in 1410 . In 1413 he resumed his role of mediator, and was for a
See also:time tutor to the dauphin . He died in
See also:Paris on the 15th of
See also:June 1416, leaving vast treasures of
See also:objects of
See also:art, and especially of illuminated
See also:MSS., many of which have been preserved . He decorated the Sainte Chapelle at
See also:Bourges; he built the Hotel de Neale in Paris, and palaces at Poitiers, Bourges, Mehun-sur-Yevre and elsewhere . See also L .
See also:Raynal, Histoire du Berry (Bourges, 1845) ; "
See also:Jean, due de Berry," in S . Luce, La France pendant la guerre de Cent Ans (1890), vol. i . ; Toulgoet-Treanna, in Mem. de la
See also:anti'uaires du centre, vol. xvii . (189o) .
His beautiful illuminated Livre d heures was reproduced (Paris, fol . 1904) by P . Durrieu .
CHARLES FERDINAND BERRY
BERRY, or BERRI
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