Online Encyclopedia

BERTIN

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V03, Page 813 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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BERTIN, a family of distinction in the history of French journalism. The most important member of the family, generally regarded as the father of modern French journalism, Louts FRANCOIS BERTIN (1766–1841), known as Bertin aine, was born in Paris on the 14th of December 1766. He began his journalistic career by writing for the Journal Francais and other papers during the French Revolution. After the 18th Brumaire he founded the paper, with which the name of his family has chiefly been connected, the Journal des Dehats. He was suspected of royalist tendencies by the consulate and was exiled in 18oi. He returned to Paris in 1804 and resumed the management of the paper, the title of which had been changed by order of Napoleon to that of Journal de l'Empire. Bertin had to submit to a rigorous censorship, and in 1811 the conduct, together with the profits, was taken over entirely by the government. In 1814 he regained possession and restored the old title and continued his support of the royalist cause—during the Hundred Days; he directed the Monileur de Gand—till 1823, when the Journal des Dehats became the recognized organ of the constitutional opposition. Bertin's support was, however, given to the July monarchy after 1830. He died on the 13th of September 1841. LOUIS FRANCOIS BERTIN DE VAUX (1771-1842), the younger brother of Bertin aine, took a leading part in the conduct of the Journal des Debats, to the success of which his powers of writing greatly contributed. He entered the chamber of deputies in 1815, was made councillor of state in 1827, and a peer of France in 183o. The two sons of Bertin a-ine, EDOU'ARD FRANCOIS (1797-1871) and Louts MARIE FRANCOIS (1801-1854), were directors in succession of the Journal des Debats. Edouard Bertin was also a painter of some distinction.
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