Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V21, Page 333 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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BIBLIOGRAPISY.—Most text-books of geology treat of petrology in more or less detail (see GEOLOGY : § Bibliography). Elementary hooks on petrology include F. H. Hatch, Petrology (5th ed., London, 1909) ; L. V. Pirsson, Rocks and Rock-minerals (New York, I908); J. D. Dana, Handbook of Mineralogy and Petrography (12th ed., New York, 19o8); A. Harker, Petrology for Students (4th ed., Cambridge, 19o8); G. A. J. Cole, Aids to Practical Geology (6th ed., London, 1909). For rock minerals consult J. P. Iddings, Rock Minerals (New York, 1906); A. Johannsen, Determination of Rock forming Minerals (New York, 1908); E. Hussak and E. G. Smith, Determination of Rock-forming Minerals (2nd ed., New York, 1893) ; N. H. and A. N. Winchell, Optical Mineralogy (New York, 1909). On the classification and origin of rocks see A. Harker, Natural History of Igneous Rocks (London, 1909) ; J. P. Iddings, Igneous Rocks, (New York, 19o9) ; Cross, Iddings, Washington and Pirsson, Quantitative Classification of Igneous Rocks (Chicago, 1902) ; C. Van Hise, Metamorphism (Washington, 1904); A. P. Merrill, Rocks, Rock-weathering and Soils (London, 1897) ; C. Doelter, Petrogenesis (Brunswick, 1906); J. H. L. Vogt, Silikatschmelzlosungen (Christiania, 1903) ; F. Fouque and A. Michel Levy, Synthese des mineraux et des roches (Paris, 1882). The principal authorities on the analysis and chemical composition of rocks are J. Roth, Beitrage zur Petrographie (Berlin, 1873–1884) ; A. Osann, Beitrage zur chemischen Petrographie (Stuttgart, 1903) ; H. S. Washington, Manual of the Chemical Analysis of Rocks (New York, 1904) and Chemical Analyses of Igneous Rocks (Washington, 1904) ; F. W. Clarke, Analyses of Rocks (Washington, 1904) ; Max Dittrich, Anleitung zur Gesteinsanalyse (Leipzig, 1905) ; W. F. Hillebrand, Analysis of Silicate and Carbonate Rocks (Washington, 1907). The great systematic treatises on Petrology are F. Zirkel, Lehrbuch der Petrographie (2nd ed., Leipzig, 1894, 3 vols.) ; H. Rosenbusch, Mikroskopische Physiographie (4th ed., Stuttgart, 1909, 2 vols.) Useful German handbooks include: E. Weinschenk, Polarisationsmikroskop, Gesteinsbildendc Mineralien and Gesteinskunde (2nd ed., Freiburg, 1907, &C.); R. Reinisch, Petrographisches Praktikum (2nd ed., Berlin, 1907); H. Rosenbusch, Elemente der Gesteinslehre (3rd ed., Stuttgart, 1909) ; A. Grubenmann, Die krystallinen Schiefer (Berlin, 1907) ; F. Loewisson Lessing, Petrographisches Lexikon (1893 and 1898, also a Fr. ed., 1901) ; F. Rinne, Praktische Gesteinskunde (2nd ed., Hanover, 1905). The principal French works are E. Jannettaz, Les Roches (3rd ed., Paris, 1900) ; F. Fouque and A. Michel Levy, Mineralogie micrographique (Paris, 1879) ; A.. Michel Levy and A. Lacroix, Les Mineraux des roches (Paris, 1888) ; A. Lacroix, Mineralogie de la France (I., II., Paris, 1893) ; and Les Enclaves des roches eruptives (Macon, 1893). British petrography is the subject of a special work by J. J. H. Teal! (London, 1888). Much information about rocks is contained in the memoirs of the various geological surveys, and in Quart. Journ. of the Geol. Soc. of London, Mineralogical Magazine, Geological Magazine, Tschermak's Mineralogische Mittheilungen (Vienna), Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie (Stuttgart), Journal of Geology (Chicago), &c. (J. S. F.)

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