BIDEFORD , a seaport,market
See also:town and municipal
See also:borough in the
See also:parliamentary division of Devonshire, England, 84 m . S . W. of Barnstaple . Pop . (1901) 8754 . It is served by the
See also:London & South-Western and the Bideford, Westward Ho & Appledore
See also:railways . It is picturesquely situated on two hills rising from the
See also:banks of the
See also:river Torridge, 3 M. above its junction with the estuary of the Taw . Many of the houses are built with
See also:timber framework in Elizabethan
See also:style, and the two parts of the town are
See also:united by a
See also:bridge of 24
See also:arches, originally erected in the 14th century, when the revenue of certain lands was set apart for its upkeep . The
See also:church of St Mary, with the exception of the tower, is a
See also:modern reconstruction . A
See also:screen and a Norman font are also preserved .
See also:Industries include the manufacture of earthenware,
See also:leather goods, sails,
See also:ropes and
See also:linen, and ironfounding . The small
See also:harbour has about 17 ft. of
See also:water at high
See also:tide, but is dry at low tide .
See also:Anthracite and a coarse
See also:clay are found near the town . The borough is under a mayor, 4 aldermen and 12 councillors .
See also:Area, 3398 acres . Bideford (Bedeford, Bydyford, Budeford, Bytheford) is not mentioned in pre-
See also:Conquest records, but according to Domesday it rendered geld for three hides to the
See also:king . From the
See also:time of the Conquest down to the 18th century, Bideford remained in the possession of the
See also:family, and it first appears as a borough in an undated
See also:charter (probably of the reign of
See also:Edward I.) from
See also:Richard de Grenville, confirming a charter from his grandfather, Richard de Grenville, fixing the
See also:rent and services due from the burgesses and granting them liberties similar to those in use at Breteuil and a market every
See also:Monday . Another charter, dated 1271, confirms to Richard de Grenville and his heirs a market every Monday and five days'
See also:fair yearly at the feast of St
See also:Margaret (loth of
See also:July) . In 1573
See also:Elizabeth granted a charter creating Bideford a
See also:free borough corporate, with a
See also:common council consisting of a mayor, 5 aldermen and 7 chief burgesses, together with a recorder, town-clerk and 2 serjeants-at-mace . This charter also granted the Tuesday market, which is still held, and three
See also:annual fairs in
See also:February, July and
See also:November, now discontinued . A later charter from
See also:James I. in 1610 added the right to have a town seal, 7 aldermen instead of 5, and to chief burgesses instead of 7, and continued in force until the Municipal Corporations
See also:Act of 1873, which established 4
See also:alder-men and 12 common councillors . In the 16th century
See also:Sir Richard Grenville, the famous Virginian settler, did much to stimulate the commercial development of Bideford, which long maintained a very considerable
See also:trade with
See also:America, Spain and the Mediterranean ports, the import of
See also:tobacco from
See also:Maryland and Virginia being especially noteworthy . From the beginning of the 18th century this gradually declined and gave place to a
See also:coasting trade in timber and
See also:coal, chiefly with
See also:Wales and
See also:Ireland . The
See also:industry which flourished in the 17th century is
See also:extinct .
See also:History of Bideford (Exeter, 1792) .
NICHOLAS BIDDLE (1786—1844)
BIDPAI (or PILPAY), FABLES OF
Q, do the people of Bideford have free moorings by right of charter,as i am led to believe. the answer will settle a long running argument.
I am unsure about Bideford but Appledore residents apparently have right to a free mooring (if they have a boat) though permission still has to be sought from the authority, who own, or control the land. There is a document in existenc giving this right.
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