See also:born on the 7th of
See also:September 1756 . When he was six years old an accident to his
See also:foot incapacitated him for ten years, and he
See also:developed habits of continuous and concentrated study . His parents were ardent partisans of the
See also:house of Orange, and
See also:grew up with strong monarchical and Calvinistic convictions . He was, says Da
See also:Costa, "
See also:anti-revolutionary, anti-Barneveldtian, anti-Loevesteinish, anti-liberal." After studying at
See also:Leiden University, he obtained his doctorate in
See also:law in 1782, and began to practise as an
See also:advocate at the
See also:Hague . Three years later he contracted an unhappy
See also:marriage with Rebecca Woesthoven . He refused in 1795 to take the
See also:oath to the new administration, and was consequently obliged to leave
See also:Holland . He went to
See also:Hamburg, and then to
See also:London, where his
See also:great learning procured him
See also:consideration . There he had as a
See also:pupil Katharina
See also:Wilhelmina Schweickhardt (1776–1830), the daughter of a Dutch painter and herself a poet . When he
See also:left London in
See also:June 1797 for Braunschweig, this
See also:lady followed him, and after he had formally divorced his first wife (1802) they were married . In 18o6 he was persuaded by his friends to return to Holland . He was kindly received by
See also:Napoleon, who made him his librarian, and a member and eventually
See also:president (1809-1811) of the Royal Institute . After the
See also:abdication of Louis Napoleon he suffered great poverty; on the accession of
See also:William of Orange in 1813 he hoped to be made a
See also:professor, but was disappointed and became a
See also:history tutor at Leiden .
He continued his vigorous
See also:campaign against liberal ideas to his
See also:death, which took place at
See also:Haarlem on the 18th of
See also:December 1831 . A picture of the Bilderdijk
See also:household is given in the letters (vol. v., 185o) of Robert
See also:Southey, who stayed some
See also:time with Bilderdijk in 1825 . Madame Bilderdijk had translated
See also:Roderick into Dutch (1823–1824) . For his
See also:work as a poet see DUTCH LITERATURE . His many-sided activity showed itself also in
See also:historical criticism—Geschiedenis
See also:des Vaderlands (1832–1851, 13 vols.), a conservative commentary on Wagenaar's Vaderlandsche h istorie; in
See also:translations from
See also:Sophocles (1779 and 1789), of
See also:part of the Iliad, of the
See also:hymns and epigrams of
See also:Callimachus, and from the Latin poets; in philology—Taal en Dichtkundige Verscheidenheden (1820–1825, 4 vols.); and in drama—the tragedies,
See also:Floris de Vijfde (,8o8), Willem I.
See also:van Holland (18o8), and others . His most important poetical
See also:works are the didactic poem, De Ziekte der geleerden (" The Disease of the Learned "), 2 vols., 1807; a descriptive poem in the manner of
See also:Delille in Het Buitenleven (1803); and his fragmentary epic, De Ondergang der eerste wereld (182o) . Other volumes were Mijne Verlustigung (Leiden, 1781), Bloemtjens (1785), Mengelpoezij (1799, 2 vols.), Poezij (1803–1807, 4 vols.), Mengelingen (1804–18o8, 4vols.), Nieuwe Mengelingen (18'o6,2 vols.), Hollands Verlossing (1813-1814, 2 vols.), Vaderlandsche Uitboezemingen (Leiden, 1815), Winterbloemen (1811, 2 vols.), &c., in some of which his wife collaborated . His poetical works were collected by I. da Costa (Haarlem, 1856-1859, 16 vols.), with a biography of the poet . See also " Mijne Levensbeschrijving " in Mengelingen en Fragmenten . . . (1834); his Brieven (ed . 1836–1837) by I. da Costa and W .
Messchert; Dr R . A . Kollewijn, Bilderdijk, ZijnLeven en werken . . . (2 vols., 18191) .
BILBO (from the Spanish town Bilbao, formerly calle...
BILEJIK (Byzantine Belocome)
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