See also:oasis in the heart of the
See also:desert, some 6o m. long by 10 broad . The inhabitants are Tibbu and
See also:Kanuri . The name
See also:Bilma is properly confined to the
See also:part of this region, where is the chief settlement, called Bilma or Garu . This place is Soo m. due S. of the
See also:town of
See also:Tripoli and about 350 N. of the N.W. corner of Lake Chad . In the vicinity are a number of lakes, the
See also:waters of which on evaporation yield large quantities of very pure and
See also:salt, which is the
See also:object of an extensive
See also:trade with the countries of Central Africa .
See also:North of Bilma is the town of Dirki, said to date from the 11th century . Near Bilma is a small circular oasis, kept
See also:green by a fine
See also:spring, but immediately to the south begins the most dreary part of the Saharan desert, over which the caravans travel for fifteen days without discovering the slightest trace of
See also:life . Gustav
See also:Nachtigal, who visited Bilma in 187o, records that the temperature during the
See also:day rarely sank below 113° Fahr . By the Anglo-French Declaration of the 21st of
See also:March 1899 Bilma was included in the French sphere of influence in West Africa .
See also:Turkey claimed the oasis as part of the hinter-
See also:land of Tripoli and garrisoned Bilma in 1902 . In 1906, however, a French force from
See also:Zinder occupied the town, no opposition being offered by the
See also:Ottoman authorities . In 1907 the oasis and surrounding
See also:district was created a circle of the Military Territory of the Niger (see SAHARA) .
ALBERT CHRISTIAN THEODOR BILLROTH (1829-1894)
THOMAS BILNEY (d. 1531)
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