See also:martyr, was
See also:born at or near Norwich . The exact date of his
See also:birth is uncertain, but at all events it was not before 1495 . He was educated at Trinity
See also:Hall, Cambridge, graduating LL.B. and taking
See also:holy orders in 1519 . Finding no satisfaction in the
See also:system of the schoolmen, he turned his
See also:attention to the edition of the New Testament published by
See also:Erasmus in 1516 . " Immediately," he records, " I
See also:felt a marvellous comfort and quietness." The Scriptures now became his chief study, and his influence led other
See also:young Cambridge men to think along the same lines . Among his friends were
See also:Parker, the future archbishop of Canterbury, and Hugh
See also:Latimer . Latimer, previously a strenuous conservative, was completely won over, and a warm friendship sprang up between him and
See also:Bilney . " By his confession," said Latimer, "I learned more than in twenty years before." In 1525 Bilney obtained a licence to preach through-out the
See also:diocese of Ely . He denounced
See also:saint and relic worship, together with pilgrimages to Walsingham and Canterbury, and ,refused to accept the
See also:mediation of the
See also:saints . The diocesan authorities raised no objection, for, despite his reforming views in these directions, he was to the last perfectly orthodox on the power of the
See also:pope, the sacrifice of the mass, the
See also:doctrine of
See also:transubstantiation and the authority of the
See also:church . But
See also:Wolsey took a different view . In 1526 he appears to have summoned Bilney before him .
On his taking an
See also:oath that he did not hold and would not disseminate the doctrines of
See also:Luther, Bilney was dismissed . But in the following
See also:year serious objection was taken to a series of sermons preached by him in and near
See also:London, and he was arrested and imprisoned in the Tower . Arraigned before Wolsey,
See also:Warham, archbishop of Canterbury, and several bishops in the
See also:house at
See also:Westminster, he was convicted of
See also:sentence being deferred while efforts were made to induce him to recant, which eventually he did . After being kept for more than a year in the Tower, he was released in 1529, and went back to Cambridge . Here he was overcome with remorse for his apostasy, and after two years determined to preach again what he had held to be the truth . The churches being no longer open to him, he preached openly in the
See also:fields, finally arriving • in Norwich, where the
See also:Richard Nix, caused him to be arrested . Articles were
See also:drawn up against him by Convocation, he was tried, degraded from his orders and handed over to the
See also:civil authorities to be burned . The sentence was carried out in London on the 19th of
See also:August 1531 . A
See also:parliamentary inquiry was threatened into this case, not because parliament approved of Bilney's doctrine but because it was alleged that Bilney's execution had been obtained by the ecclesiastics without the proper authorization by the state . In 1534 Bishop Nix was condemned on this
See also:charge to the confiscation of his
See also:property . The significance of Bilney's execution lies in the fact that on essential points he was an orthodox
See also:Roman Catholic . See Letters and Papers of
See also:Henry VIII. vols. iv.-v.;
See also:Foxe's Acts and Monuments;
See also:History of the Church;
See also:Pollard's Henry VIII .
(A . F .
BILMA, or KAWAR
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