See also:species of cornemuse or bagpipe, still in use at the
See also:day in
See also:Brittany . The
See also:biniou is a
See also:primitive kind of bagpipe consisting of a
See also:leather bag inflated by means of a
See also:short valved insufflation
See also:tube or
See also:pipe, a chaunter with conical
See also:bore furnished with a
See also:reed concealed within the stock or socket (see BAG-PIPE), and seven holes, the first being duplicated to accommodate
See also:left- and right-handed players . The scale of the biniou is usually =i!_ =-r I 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 See Victor Mahillon,
See also:Catalogue descriptif, vol. ii . (
See also:Ghent, 1896), p . 353, No . 1126; and Captain C . R . Day, Descriptive Catalogue of Musical
See also:Instruments (
See also:London, 1891), p . 62, No . 135 . and the single
See also:drone is tuned to the
See also:lower octave of the first hole The more primitive biniou, still occasionally found in the remote districts of Cornouailles and
See also:Morbihan, has a chaunter with but five holes,' giving
See also:part of the scale of D, the drone being also tuned to D . The drone of the biniou is of box-
See also:wood, handsomely inlaid with tin, and has a single or beating reed hidden within the stock .
The word biniou or bignou (a Gallicized
See also:form), often erroneously derived from bigno, se renfier beaucoup—an etymology not supported by Breton dictionaries—is the Breton plural form of benvek, instrument,
See also:tool, i.e. binviou, binvijou.2 The word is also found in the phrase, "
See also:Sac'h ar biniou" (a biniou bag), a bag used by weavers to hold their tools, spindles, &c . The biniou is still the traditional and popular instrument of the Breton peasants of Cornouailles and Morbihan, and is almost inseparable from the
See also:bombard (q.v.), which is no other than a survival of the
See also:medieval musette, hautbois or chalemie, formerly associated with the bag-pipe in western
See also:Europe (see OBOE) . At all festivals, at the pardons,
See also:wedding feasts and threshing dances, the two traditional musicians or sonneurs give out in shrill penetrating tones the
See also:ancient Breton rondes 3 and melodies .
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