Online Encyclopedia

BISPHENOIDAL

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V07, Page 579 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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BISPHENOIDAL CLASS (Hemihedral). Here there are three dyad axes, but no planes of symmetry and no centre of symmetry. The general form {hkl} is a bisphenoid (fig. 61) bounded by four scalene triangles. The other simple forms are geometrically the same as in the holosymmetric class. Examples: epsomite (Epsom salts, MgSO4.7H20), goslarite (ZnSO4.7H20), silver nitrate, sodium potassium dextro-tartrate (seignette salt, NaKC4H4O6.4H20), potassium antimonyl dextrotartrate (tartar-emetic, K(SbO)C4H406), and asparagine (C4H8N203'H20). Hemimorphite. 4. MONOCLINIC 1 SYSTEM (Oblique; Monosymmetric). In this system two of the angles between the crystallographic axes are right angles, but the third angle is oblique, and the axes are of unequal lengths. The axis which is perpendicular to the other two is taken as 0Y =b (fig. 62) and is called the ortho-axis or ortho- diagonal. The choice of the other two axes is arbitrary; the vertical axis (OZ =c) is usually taken parallel to the edges of a prominently developed prismatic zone, and the clino-axis or clino-diagonal (OX =a) parallel to the zone-axis of some other prominent zone on the crystal.. The acute angle between the axes OX and OZ is usually denoted as and it is necessary to know its magnitude, in addition to the axial ratios a: b: c, before the crystal is completely deter- mined. As in other systems, except the cubic, these elements, a : b : c and f3, are characteristic of the substance. Thus for gypsum a : Iz : c=o•6899 : 1:0.4124; 0=80° 42'; for orthoclase a : b : c= 0.6585 : I : O•S554; $=63° 57'; and for cane-sugar a : b : c= 1.2595 : I : 0.8782; ft =76° 30'.
End of Article: BISPHENOIDAL
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