Online Encyclopedia

NINO BIXIO (1821-1873)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V04, Page 16 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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NINO BIXIO (1821-1873), Italian soldier, was born on the 2nd of October 1821. While still a boy he was compelled by his parents to embrace a maritime career. After numerous adventures he returned to Italy in 1846, joined the Giovine Italia, and, on 4th November 1847, made himself conspicuous at Genoa by seizing the bridle of Charles Albert's horse and crying, " Pass the Ticino, Sire, and we are all with you." He fought through the campaign of 1848, became captain under Garibaldi at Rome in 1849, taking prisoners an entire French battalion, and gaining the gold medal for military valour. In 1859 he commanded a Garibaldian battalion, and gained the military cross of Savoy. Joining the Marsala expedition in 186o, he turned the day in favour of Garibaldi at Calatafimi, was wounded at Palermo, but recovered in time to besiege Reggio in Calabria (21st of August 186o), and, though again wounded, took part in the battle of Volturno, where his leg was broken. Elected deputy in 1861, he endeavoured to reconcile Cavour and Garibaldi. In 1866, at the head of the seventh division, he covered the Italian retreat from Custozza, ignoring the Austrian summons to surrender. Created senator in February 187o, he was in the following September given command of a division during the movement against Rome, took Civita Vecchia, and participated in the general attack upon Rome (loth September 1870). He died of cholera at Achin Bay in Sumatra en route for Batavia, whither he had gone in command of a commercial expedition (16th December 1873).
End of Article: NINO BIXIO (1821-1873)
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Additional information and Comments

THis article fails to document the war crimes that were perpettrated by Bixio against civilians in Sicily during the so-called expedition of the Thousand led by Garibaldi. Bixio was a racist and in the pay of the British. The 1972 film "Bronte" provides what is perhaps the most realistic portrayal of this butcher from Genoa.
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