Online Encyclopedia

THE BLACK COUNTRY

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V04, Page 21 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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THE

BLACK COUNTRY  , a name commonly applied to a
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district lying principally in S .
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Staffordshire, but extending into Worcestershire and
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Warwickshire, England . This is one of the chief manufacturing centres in the
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United
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Kingdom, and the name arises from the effect of numerous collieries and furnaces, which darken the face of the district., the buildings and the atmosphere .
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Coal, ironstone and clay are
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mined in close proximity, and every sort of iron and steel goods is produced . The district extends 15 M . N.W. from
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Birmingham, and includes
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Smethwick, West Bromwich, Dudley,
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Oldbury,
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Sedgley,
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Tipton,
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Bilston,
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Wednesbury, Wolverhampton and
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Walsall as its most important centres . The ceaseless activity of the Black Country is most readily realized when it is traversed, or viewed from such an
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elevation as Dudley Castle Hill, at
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night, when the glare of furnaces appears in every direction . The district is served by numerous branches of the
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Great Western,
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London & North Western, and Midland
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railways, and is intersected by canals, which carry a heavy
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traffic, and in some places are made to surmount
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physical obstacles with remarkable
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engineering skill, as in the case of the Castle Hill tunnels at Dudley . Among the numerous branches of industry there are several characteristic of certain individual centres . Thus, locks are a specialty at-BLACK
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FOREST 2I Wolverhampton and Willenhall, and keys at Wednesfield; horses' bits, harness-fittings and
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saddlery at Walsall and Bloxwich, anchors and cables at Tipton, glass at Smethwick, and nails and chains at Cradley .

End of Article: THE BLACK COUNTRY
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