MONT BLANC , the culminating point (15,782 ft.) of the
See also:mountain range of the same name, which forms
See also:part of the Pennine
See also:Alps, and is divided unequally between France, Italy and
See also:Switzerland . The actual highest
See also:summit is wholly French and is the loftiest
See also:peak in the Alps, and in
See also:Europe also, if certain peaks in the
See also:Caucasus be excluded . At
See also:Geneva the mountain was in former days named the Montagne Maudite, but the
See also:present name seems to have been always used locally . On the
See also:north is the valley of
See also:Chamonix, and on the east the
See also:head of the valley of Aosta . Among the
See also:great glaciers which stream from the 'peak the most noteworthy are those of Bossons and Taconnaz (
See also:northern slope) and of Brenva and Miage (
See also:southern slope) . The first ascent was made in 1786 by two Chamonix men, Jacques Balmat and Dr Michel Paccard, and the second in 1787 by Balmat with two
See also:local men . Later in 1787 H . B. de Saussure made the third ascent, memorable in many respects, and was followed a week later by Colonel Beaufoy, the first Englishman to gain the' top . These ascents were all made from Chamonix, which is still the usual starting point, though routes have been forced up the peak from nearly every side, those on the
See also:Italian side being much steeper than that from Chamonix . The ascent from Chamonix is now frequently made in summer (rarely in winter also), but, owing to the great height of the mountain, the view is unsatisfactory, though very extensive (
See also:Lyons is visible) . There is an
See also:inn at the Grands Mulcts (9909 ft.) . In 1890 M .
Vallot built an
See also:observatory and shelter hut (14,312 ft.) on the Bosses du Dromadaire (north-west
See also:ridge of the mountain), and in 1893 T . J . C .
See also:Janssen constructed an observatory just below the very summit . See C . Durier, Le Mont Blanc (4th ed.,
See also:Paris, 1897) ; C . E . Mathews, The
See also:Annals of Mont Blanc (
See also:London . 1898) ; P . Gussfeldt, Der Montblanc (Berlin, 1894, also a French
See also:translation, Geneva, 1899); L .
See also:Kurz, Climbers'
See also:Guide to the Chain of Mont Blanc, section vi . (London, 1892) ; L .
Kurz and X . Imfeld,
See also:Carte de la chaine du Mont Blanc (1896, new edition 1905) . (W . A . B .
BLANC (JEAN JOSEPH CHARLES) LOUIS (1811-1882)
BLANCH FEE, or BLANCH HOLDING (from Fr. blanc, whit...
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