Online Encyclopedia

MAURICE BLOOMFIELD (1855- )

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Originally appearing in Volume V04, Page 86 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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MAURICE BLOOMFIELD (1855- )  ,
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American
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Sanskrit scholar, was born on the 23rd of
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February 1855, in Bielitz,
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Austrian
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Silesia . He went to the
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United States in 1867, and ten years later graduated from Furman University,
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Greenville, South Carolina . He then studied Sanskrit at Yale, under W . D . Whitney, and at Johns Hopkins, to which university he returned as associate professor in 1881 after a stay of two years in Berlin and
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Leipzig, and soon afterwards was promoted professor of Sanskrit and
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comparative
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philology . His papers in the American Journal of Philology number a few in comparative linguistics, such as those on assimilation and adaptation in congeneric classes of words, and many valuable " Contributions to the Interpretation of the Vedas," and he is best known as a student of the Vedas . He translated, for Max-Muller's Sacred Books of the East, the
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Hymns of the Atharva-Veda (1897) ; contributed to the Biihler-Kielhorn Grundriss der indo-arischen Philologie and Altertumskunde the section " The Atharva-Veda and the Gopatha
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Brahmana " (1899) ; was first to edit the Kaucika-Sutra (189o), and in 1907 published, in the Harvard
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Oriental series, A Vedic Concordance . In 1905 he published
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Cerberus, the
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Dog of Hades, a study in comparative
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mythology .

End of Article: MAURICE BLOOMFIELD (1855- )
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