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OTTO VON BOHTLINGK (18'5—1004)

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Originally appearing in Volume V04, Page 137 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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OTTO VON BOHTLINGK (18'5—1004) German Sanskrit scholar, was born on the 3oth of May ('rth of June O.S.) 1815 at St Petersburg. Having studied( '833—1835)Oriental languages, particularly Arabic, Persian and Sanskrit, at the university of St Petersburg, he continued his studies in Germany, first in Berlin and then (1839—1842) in Bonn. Returning to St Peters-burg in 1842, he was attached to the Royal Academy of Sciences, and was elected an ordinary member of that society in 1855. BOHUN 137 In 186o he was made " Russian state councillor," and later " privy councillor " with a title of nobility. In '868 he settled at Jena, and in '885 removed to Leipzig, where he resided until his death there on the 1st of April 1904. Bohtlingk was one of the most distinguished scholars of the '9th century, and his works are of pre-eminent value in the field of Indian and comparative philology. His first great work was an edition of Panini's Acht Bucker grammatischer Regeln (Bonn, 1839—1840), which was in reality a criticism of Franz Bopp's philological methods. This book Bohtlingk again took up forty-seven years later, when he republished it with a complete translation under the title Paninis Grammatik mit Ubersetzung (Leipzig, '887). The earlier edition was followed by Vopadevas Grammatik (St Peters-burg, 1847); Uber die Sprache der Jakuten (St Petersburg, '85') ; Indische Sprache (2nd ed. in 3 parts, St Petersburg, '870—1873, to which an index was published by Blau, Leipzig,' 893) ; a critical examination and translation of Chhandogya-upanishad (St Peters-burg, '889) and a translation of Brihadaranyaka-upanishad (St Petersburg, 1889) In addition to these he published several smaller treatises, notably one on the Sanskrit accents, Uber den Accent im Sanskrit (1843). But his magnum opus is his great Sanskrit dictionary, Sanskrit-Worterbuch (7 vols., St Petersburg, 1853—1875; newed. 7 vols., St Petersburg, '879—1889), which with the assistance of his two friends, Rudolf Roth (1821—1895) and Albrecht Weber (b. 1825), was completed in twenty-three years.
End of Article: OTTO VON BOHTLINGK (18'5—1004)
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Otto von Böhtlingk, born 1815 - died 1904
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