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HERMANN BONITZ (1814–1888)

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Originally appearing in Volume V04, Page 209 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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HERMANN BONITZ (1814–1888), German scholar, was born at Langensalza in Saxony on the 29th of July 1814. Having studied at Leipzig under G. Hermann and at Berlin under BBckh and Lachmann, he became successively teacher at the Blochmann institute in Dresden (1836), Oberlehrer at the Friedrich-Wilhelms gymnasium (1838) and the Graues Kloster (184o) in Berlin, professor at the gymnasium at Stettin (1842), professor at the university of Vienna (1849), member of the imperial academy (1854), member of the council of education (1864), and director of the Graues Kloster gymnasium (1867). He retired in 1888, and died on the 25th of July in that year at Berlin. He took great interest in higher education, and was chiefly responsible for the system of teaching and examination in use in the high schools of Prussia after 1882. But it is as a commentator on Plato and Aristotle that he is best known outside Germany. His most important works in this connexion are: Disputaliones Platonicae Duae (1837); Platonische Studien (3rd ed., 1886); Observations Criticae in Aristotelis Libros Metaphysicos (1842); Observations Criticae in Aristotelis quae ferunlur Magna Moralia et Ethica Eudemia (1844); Alexandri Aphrodisiensis Commentarius in Libros Metaphysicos Aristotelis (1847); Aristotelis Metaphysica (1848–1849); Uber die Kalegorien des A. (1853); Aristotelische Studien (1862–1867); Index Aristotelicus (187o). Other works: Ober den Ursprung der homerischen Gedichte (5th ed., 1881) ; Beitrage zur Erklarung des Thukydides (1854), des Sophokles (1856-1857). He also wrote largely on classical and educational subjects, mainly for the Zeitschrift fur die osterreichischen Gymnasien. A full list of his writings is given in the obituary notice by T. Gompertz in the Biographisches Jahrbuch fur Altertumskunde (189o).
End of Article: HERMANN BONITZ (1814–1888)
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