Online Encyclopedia

SEIGNEUR DE GUILLAUME GOUFFIER BONNIV...

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V04, Page 213 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
Spread the word: del.icio.us del.icio.us it!
SEIGNEUR DE GUILLAUME GOUFFIER BONNIVET (c. 1488—1525), French soldier, was the younger brother of Artus Gouffier, seigneur de Boisy, tutor of Francis I. of France. Bonnivet was brought up with Francis, and after the young king's accession he became one of the most powerful of the royal favourites. In 1515 he was made admiral of France. In the imperial election of 1519 he superintended the candidature of Francis, and spent vast sums of money in his efforts to secure the votes of the electors, but without success. He was the implacable enemy of the constable de Bourbon and contributed to his downfall. In command of the army of Navarre in 1521, he occupied Fuenterrabia and was probably responsible for its non-restoration and for the consequent renewal of hostilities. He succeeded Marshal Lautrec in 1523 in the command of the army of Italy and entered the Milanese, but was defeated and forced to effect a disastrous retreat, in which the chevalier Bayard perished. He was one of the principal commanders of the army which Francis led into Italy at the end of 1524, and died at the battle of Pavia on the 24th of February 1525. Bran-thine says that it was at Bonnivet's suggestion that the battle of Pavia was fought, and that, seeing the disaster he had caused, he courted and found death heroically in the fight. In spite of his failures as a general and diplomatist, his handsome face and brilliant wit enabled him to retain throughout his life the intimacy and confidence of his king. He was a man of licentious life. According to Brant8me he was the successful rival of the king for the favours of Madame de Chhteaubriand, and if we may believe him to have been—as is very probable—the hero of the fourth story of the Heptameron, Marguerite d'Angouleme had occasion to resist his importunities.
End of Article: SEIGNEUR DE GUILLAUME GOUFFIER BONNIVET (c. 1488—1525)
[back]
ANGE ELISABETH LOUIS ANTOINE BONNIER (1749-1799)
[next]
GIUSEPPI BONOMI (1739-1808)

Additional information and Comments

There are no comments yet for this article.
» Add information or comments to this article.
Please link directly to this article:
Highlight the code below, right click and select "copy." Paste it into a website, email, or other HTML document.