See also:political writer and satirist, was
See also:born on the 6th of May 1786 at Frankforton-
See also:Main, where his
See also:father, Jakob
See also:Baruch, carried on the business of a banker . He received his early
See also:education at
See also:Giessen, but as Jews were ineligible at that
See also:time for public appointments in
See also:young Baruch was sent to study
See also:medicine at Berlin under a physician, Markus Herz, in whose
See also:house he resided . Young Baruch became deeply enamoured of his
See also:patron's wife, the talented and beautiful Henriette Herz (1764–1847), and gave vent to his adoration in a series of remarkable letters . Tiring of medical science, which he had subsequently pursued at
See also:Halle, he studied constitutional
See also:law and political science at
See also:Heidelberg and Giessen, and in 1811 took his
See also:doctor's degree at the latter university . On his return to Frankfort, now constituted as a
See also:grand duchy under the
See also:sovereignty of the
See also:bishop Karl von
See also:Dalberg, he received (1811) the
See also:appointment of
See also:actuary in that city . The old conditions, however, returned in 1814 and he was obliged to resign his
See also:office . Embittered by the oppression under which the Jews suffered in Germany, he engaged in journal-ism, and edited the Frankfort liberal
See also:newspapers, Staatsristretto and Die Zeitschwingen . In 1818 he became a convert to Lutheran protestantism, changing his name from Lob Baruch to Ludwig
See also:Borne . This step was taken less out of religious conviction than, as in the case of so many of his descent, in
See also:order to improve his social
See also:standing . From 1818 to 1821 he edited Die Wage, a paper distinguished by its lively political articles and its powerful but sarcastic theatrical criticisms . This paper was suppressed by the police authorities, and in 1821 Borne quitted for a while the
See also:field of publicist writing and led a retired
See also:life in
See also:burg and Frankfort . After the
See also:July Revolution (183o), he hurried to Paris, expecting to find the newly-constituted state of society somewhat in accordance with his own ideas of freedom .
Although to some extent disappointed in his hopes, he was not disposed to look any more kindly on the political
See also:condition of Germany; this
See also:lent additional zest to the brilliant satirical letters (Briefe aus Paris, 1830-1833, published Paris, 1834), which he began to publish in his last
See also:literary venture, La
See also:Balance, a revival under its French name of Die Wage . The Briefe aus Paris was Berne's most important publication, and a landmark in the
See also:history of German journalism . Its appearance led him to be regarded as one of the leaders of the new literary party of " Young Germany." He died at Paris on the 12th of
See also:February 1837 . Berne's
See also:works are remarkable for brilliancy of
See also:style and for a thorough French vein of satire . His best
See also:criticism is to be found in his Denkrede auf
See also:Jean Paul (1826), a writer for whom he had warm sympathy and admiration, in his Dramaturgische
See also:Matter (1829–1834), and the witty satire, Menzel der Franzosenfresser (1837) . He also wrote a number of
See also:short stories and sketches, of which the best known are the Monographie der deutschen Postschnecke (1829) and Der Esskilnstler (1822) . The first edition of his Gesammelte Schriften appeared at
See also:Hamburg (1829–1834) in 14 volumes, followed by 6 volumes of Nachgelassene Schriften (
See also:Mannheim, 1844–1850) ; more
See also:complete is the edition in 12 volumes (Hamburg, 1862-1863), reprinted in 1868 and subseuently . The latest complete edition is that edited by A . Klaar (8 vols.,
See also:Leipzig, 1900) . For further
See also:biographical matter see K .
See also:Gutzkow, Bornes Leben (Hamburg, I84o), and M . Holzmann, L .
Borne, sein Leben and sein Wirken (Berlin, 1888) . Bornes Briefe an Henriette Herz (1802-1807), first published in 1861, have been re-edited by L . Geiger (
See also:Oldenburg, 1905), who has also published Berne's Berliner Briefe (1828) (Berlin, 1905) . See also .
See also:Heine's witty attack on Borne (Werke, ed . Lister, vii.), G . Gervinus'
See also:essay in his Historiche Schriften (
See also:Darmstadt, 1838), and the chapters in G .
See also:Brandes, Hovedstromninger i det r9 de Aarhundredes Litteratur vol. vi . (
See also:Copenhagen, 1890, German trans . 1891;
See also:English trans . 1905), and in J . Proelss, Das junge Deutschland (
See also:Stuttgart, 1892) .
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.