Online Encyclopedia

BORZHOM

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V04, Page 277 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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BORZHOM, a watering-place of Russian Transcaucasia, in the government of Tiflis, and 93 M. by rail W. of the city of Tiflis. Pop. (1897) 5800. It is situated at an altitude of 2750 ft. in the Borzhom gorge, a narrow rift in the Little Caucasus mountains, and on the Kura. Its warm climate, its two hot springs (712°—82° Fahr.) and its beautiful parks make it a favourite summer resort, and give it its popular name of " the pearl of Caucasus." The bottled mineral waters are very extensively exported.
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Additional information and Comments

The Russian composer Pyotr Ilyitch Tchaikovsky (1840 - 1893) spent time at Borzhom from 11 June to 5 July, 1887, according to entries in his diary for those dates, during which he frequently bathed in the waters and spent pleasant time strolling in Vorontzovsky park, though he makes no mention of his having drunk the waters, unless by "taking the waters" he meant intended both drinking and bathing in them. Tchaikovsky, who complained regularly of intestinal pains for years, mentions a visit to a doctor in Borzhom, probably a quack, as this doctor is said to have told Tchaikovsky that his "liver has moved somewhere that it shouldn't have" (diary entry for June 13, 1887).
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