Online Encyclopedia

JUAN BOSCAN ALMOGAVER (1490?—1542)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V04, Page 277 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
Spread the word: del.icio.us del.icio.us it!
JUAN BOSCAN ALMOGAVER (1490?—1542), Spanish poet, was born about the close of the 15th century. He was a Catalan of patrician birth, and, after some years of military service, became tutor to the duke of Alva. His poems were published in 1543 at Barcelona by his widow. They are divided into sections which mark the stages of Boscan's poetical evolution. The first book contains poems in the old Castilian metres, written in his youth, before 1526, in which year he became acquainted with the Venetian ambassador, Andrea Navagiero, who urged him to adopt Italian measures, and this advice gave a new turn to Boscan's activity. The remaining books contain a number of pieces in the Italian manner, the longest of these being Hero y Leander, a poem in blank verse, based on Musaeus. Boscan's best effort, the Octava Rima, is a skilful imitation of Petrarch and Bembo. Boscan also published in 1534 an admirable translation of Castiglione's Il Cortegiano. Italian measures had been introduced into Spanish literature by Santillana and Villalpando; it is Boscan's distinction to have naturalized these forms definitively, and to have founded a poetic school. The best edition of his poems is that issued at Madrid in 1875 by W. J. Knapp; for his indebtedness to earlier writers, see Francesco Flamini, Studi di storia literaria italiana e straniera (Livorno, 1895).
End of Article: JUAN BOSCAN ALMOGAVER (1490?—1542)
[back]
LOUIS AUGUSTIN GUILLAUME BOSC (1759-1828)
[next]
BOSCASTLE

Additional information and Comments

There are no comments yet for this article.
» Add information or comments to this article.
Please link directly to this article:
Highlight the code below, right click and select "copy." Paste it into a website, email, or other HTML document.